plantaris

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plantaris

[plan′tar·əs]
(anatomy)
A small muscle of the calf of the leg; origin is the lateral condyle of the femur, and insertion is the calcaneus; flexes the knee joint.
References in periodicals archive ?
The plantaris muscle with two heads of origin, noted in three limbs, two of which belonged to same male cadaver and the third one in the right limb of another male cadaver, were studied in detail and photographed.
Takeda, "mRNA expression of fibroblast growth factors and hepatocyte growth factor in rat plantaris muscle following denervation and compensatory overload," Pflugers Archiv, vol.
In the plantaris muscle, no differences were observed between the groups in the composition of the any fiber types (Figure 1c).
The differential diagnosis of lower leg pain includes fracture, gastrocnemius muscle rupture or strain, plantaris muscle rupture, partial or total Achilles tendon rupture, tibialis anterior syndrome, posterior tibial tendinitis ("shin splints"), acute or chronic compartment syndrome, tibial or fibular stress fracture, nerve entrapment, arterial disease, venous pathology, and referred pain.
2011) Effects of ageing and endurance exercise training on alpha-actin in isoforms in rat plantaris muscle.
Immunohistochemical analysis of MCT1, MCT2 and MCT4 expression in rat plantaris muscle.
A scan last week revealed the world number three - Europe's highest-ranked player - has a ruptured plantaris muscle in his right calf.
Often thought of as a vestigial, accessory muscle, the plantaris muscle is absent in only 7-20% of limbs.
Muscle hypertrophy was induced via a synergist ablation surgical model, in which the plantaris muscle was chronically overloaded for a period of 2 wks (12).
We present an unusual form of this syndrome caused by hypertrophy of the plantaris muscle tendon that produces the entrapment.