AQP2 has been reported to occur in the principal cells along connecting tubule and collecting duct in mammalian kidneys, where it is localized to the apical plasma membranes
and intracellular membrane vesicles (Nielsen et al., 1993; Fushimi et al., 1993).
When compared to the non-diabetic rats (normal group), there was relatively more GLUT4 detected in the myocytes cytoplasm of the non-treated diabetic rats than at the plasma membrane
as compared to the non-diabetic rats.
Chrysanthemum###1 kHz, 100 dB###Daily 60 min for 6 days###0.2 m###Enhanced plasma membrane
H+-ATPase###(Zhao et al., 2002)
The sperm plasma membrane
is the primary site of damage induced by cryopreservation, which affects the viability of sperm (Hammerstedt et al., 1990).
In yeast, the disruption of Sec18p, the yeast orthologue of mammalian Nethylmaleimide sensitive fusion protein, an essential protein for vesicular trafficking between ER, Golgi, and PM, does not inhibit the ER to PM transport ; two plasma membrane
ABCG transporters, Aus1p and Pdr11p, stimulate cholesterol transport from PM to ER .
In this study, we identified proteins involved in cytoplasmic AR translocation to plasma membrane
under the treatment of testosterone at physiological concentration, and the data showed VAPA plays an important role in this process.
This increase could result from incorporation of secretory vesicles possessing abundant membrane into the plasma membrane
Microinjection of Akt substrate peptide or antibody specific to Akt inhibits insulin-stimulated GLUT4 translocation to the plasma membrane
by 66% and 56%, respectively, in 3T3-L1 adipocytes .
Effect of marein on GLUT1 translocation to the plasma membrane
For successful fertilization, a functionally constituted sperm plasma membrane
is necessary, which is clearly dependent on the sperm maturation process (38).
Sperm motility, morphology, plasma membrane
integrity, and acrosome integrity were evaluated immediately after sperm recovery.
The epithelial cells display extensive infoldings of the apical and basal plasma membranes
associated with mitochondria and delicate, folded lateral membranes enclose narrow intercellular spaces.