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Very tall tree- up to 150 feet (50m), distinguished by it’s multi-colored peeling messy bark. Leaves look maple-like. Round 2 inch fruit. Inner bark used for lung, bowel, blood purification, laxative and to induce vomiting.
Edible Plant Guide © 2012 Markus Rothkranz
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(plane tree, or plane), a genus of tall deciduous trees of the family Platanaceae. The trees have a dense, broad crown and a massive, cylindrical trunk (up to 50 m high and 18 m in circumference) with greenish gray flaky bark. The alternate and palmately lobed leaves are on long stems. The small, unisexual flowers have a trimerous or tetramerous perianth and are in a dense capitate inflorescence. The heads may be solitary or gathered moniliformly or racemosely, with two to seven heads on each long peduncle. The fruit is an aggregate nut, which remains on the tree all winter and splits in the spring into individual nuts that are scattered by the wind.

There are approximately ten species of Platanus, distributed in North America (from Canada to Mexico) and from the eastern Mediterranean to Indochina. The tree grows quickly, especially when it is young; it has a life-span of 2,000 years or longer. The wood is lightweight, hard, and beautifully textured but decomposes easily. It is used to make veneers, parquet, and packing crates. Plane trees have long been grown in parks and gardens, on the streets of southern cities and settlements, by houses, and along roads.

In the USSR the Oriental plane (P. orientalis) is cultivated in the Caucasus, the Crimea, and Middle Asia. It grows wild in the Gissar Range. The American plane (P. occidentalis) is cultivated in the southern Ukraine and on the Black Sea coast of the Caucasus. It grows wild in North America. The London plane (P. hybrida, or P. acerifolid), probably a hybrid of the Oriental and American planes, is cultivated in southern Byelorussia, in the Ukraine, in Transcaucasia, and in Middle Asia. Of the three species, it is the most frost resistant, the fastest growing, and the most easily propagated. Other Platanus species are occasionally cultivated.


Derev’ia i kustarniki SSSR, vol. 3. Moscow-Leningrad, 1954.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Platanus is a genus consisting of a small number of tree species native to the Northern Hemisphere.
Plane tree (Platanus orientalis) is a very large and wide tree deciduous.
chinensis has completed development on Acer, Aesculus, Alnus, Betula, Carpinus, Citrus, Cornus, Corylus, Cotoneaster, Crataegus, Fagus, Lagerstromia, Liquidambar, Malus, Platanus, Populus, Prunus, Pyrus, Quercus, Rhodendron, Rosa, Salix, Sorbus and Ulmus species.
Occasional native food plants include sourwood (Oxydendrum arboreum (L.) DC.; Ericaceae), common buttonbush (Cephalanthus occidentalis L.; Rubiaceae), sassafras (Sassafras albidum (Nutt.) Nees; Lauraceae), wax myrtle (Morella cerifera (L.) Small; Myricaceae), ash (Fraxinus spp.; Oleaceae), blackgum (Nyssa sylvatica Marshall; Cornaceae), oak (Quercus spp.; Fagaceae), American sycamore (Platanus occidentalis L.; Platanaceae), and willow (Salix spp.; Salicaceae) (Worth et al.
Studies on reproduction of the mullet Mugil platanus Giinther, 1880 (Actinopterygii, Mugilidae) from the Mar Chiquita coastal lagoon, Argentina: similarities and differences with related species.
If you're in the Midwest, Northeast, or Southeast, chances are good that you have walnut (Juglans spp.) or sycamore (Platanus occidentalis) trees nearby.
Determination of genetic stability of long-term micropropagated plantlets of Platanus acerifolia using ISSR markers.
"The burned state forest land is part of the Adelfi forest which includes the Ayios Theodoros and Kapouras plains, 12.96 kmA and 4.07 kmA respectively", mainly consisting of pine trees, golden oaks, platanus, sycamore trees and maple trees.