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Platt Amendment:see Platt, Orville HitchcockPlatt, Orville Hitchcock,
1827–1905, U.S. Senator (1879–1905), b. Washington, Litchfield co., Conn. Platt held many public offices in Connecticut before he served in the U.S. Senate.
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one-sided obligations imposed in 1901 on Cuba by the US government. The USA refused to end its occupation of Cuba, which it captured during the Spanish-American War of 1898, until Cuba incorporated into its constitution a definition of the principles by which future Cuban-American relations would be conducted. The amendment contributed to Cuba’s transformation into a virtual US colony.
The Platt Amendment, proposed by Senator O. Platt, was passed by the US Congress on Mar. 2, 1901. It restricted Cuba’s sovereignty and legitimized US interference in its internal affairs. Under the amendment, the US received the right to occupy Cuba, to have naval bases there, and to control the country’s foreign policy. In 1934 the Cuban people achieved the repeal of the amendment, but the imperialist US domination of Cuba continued until the triumph of the Cuban Revolution in 1959.
REFERENCESNitoburg, E. L. Politika amerikanskogo imperializma na Kube, 1918–1939. Moscow, 1965.
Roig de Leuchsenring, E. Historia de la enmienda Platt, 2nd ed., vols. 1–2. Havana, 1961.