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Plauen(plou`ən), city (1994 pop. 69,387), Saxony, E central Germany, on the White Elster River and at the northwestern foot of the Erzgebirge. It has been a textile-milling center since the 15th cent. Other manufactures include machinery, machine tools, electrical equipment, and motor vehicles. Originally founded by the Slavs, Plauen became (c.1224) the seat of a branch of the Teutonic Knights. It passed to Bohemia in 1327 and to Saxony in 1466. It was severely damaged in World War II. Noteworthy buildings include a 12th-century church, a castle (early 13th cent.), and the city hall (16th cent.).
a city in the German Democratic Republic, on the Weisse Elster River, in Karl-Marx-Stadt District. Population, 81,300 (1972). The city is the center of the Vogtland industrial region and has a concentration of light industry. Among the products manufactured are lace, curtains, ready-made garments, and staple fiber. The local machine-building industry manufactures automatic production lines, printing and textile machines, and machine tools. Plauen has electrical enterprises, wire and cable enterprises, a brewery, and sugar refineries.