Snow Bunting

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Snow Bunting

 

(Plectrophenax nivalis), a bird of the family Emberizidae of the order Passeriformes. The snow bunting is the sole member of the genus Plectrophenax. It is 15–19 cm long and weighs 35–40 g. The male is white marked with black; in the autumn and winter the edges of the newest feathers are reddish.

The female is brownish. Snow buntings are found in the polar regions—on the arctic islands and in the tundra zone, as far south as Scotland and the Komandorskie Islands. The birds migrate for the winter to the forest-steppe and steppe zones. They settle in rocky or dry maritime tundra. Snow buntings nest in June and early July, building their nest on the ground among rocks or driftwood. The female lays four to seven eggs, which both parents incubate for 12 or 13 days. The snow bunting feeds on seeds, insects, and the green parts of plants.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Mots cles: plectrophane des neiges, Plectrophenax nivalis, plectrophane lapon, Calcarius lapponicus, hybride aviaire, passereau de l'Arctique
Snow Bunting: Snow buntings (Plectrophenax nivalis) bred at all three locations in all years.
Snow bunting (Plectrophenax nivalis) was the most abundant species in all five survey years, followed by Lapland longspur (Calcarius lapponicus) and Baird's sandpiper (Calidris bairdii) (Fig.
The lapland longspur (Calcarius lapponicus) and the snow bunting (Plectrophenax nivalis) are the only passerines breeding almost all over the area.