Pleiad


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Pleiad

(plē`ăd) [from PleiadesPleiades,
in Greek mythology, seven daughters of Atlas and the nymph Pleione. According to one legend they were the attendants of Artemis and were changed into stars by the gods when they were pursued by the amorous hunter Orion.
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], group of seven tragic poets of Alexandria who flourished c.280 B.C. under Ptolemy II Philadelphus. Of the works of the men usually given in lists of the Pleiad only those of LycophronLycophron
, fl. early 3d cent. B.C., b. Chalcis, Alexandrian Greek poet, one of the Pleiad. His only extant poem Cassandra or Alexandra, is an obscure and difficult work in iambic verse. In ancient times his tragedies were highly esteemed.
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 survive. A group of enthusiastic French poets took c.1553 the name Pléiade from the Alexandrian Pleiad. The conventional seven of this group are RonsardRonsard, Pierre de
, 1524–1585, French poet. As page, then squire, Ronsard seemed destined for a career at court both in France and abroad. However, deafness turned him to a more secluded and studious life at the Collège de Coqueret where he became leader of the
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 (the leader), Joachim Du BellayDu Bellay, Joachim
, 1522?–1560, French poet of the Pléiade (see under Pleiad). He wrote their manifesto, La Deffence et illustration de la langue francoyse
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, BelleauBelleau, Remy
, 1528–77, French poet of the Pléiade (see under Pleiad). His Bergerie (1565), a collection of poems in a framework of prose, celebrates nature in sonnets, odes, eclogues, and hymns.
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, JodelleJodelle, Estienne
, 1532–73, French poet of the Pléiade (see under Pleiad). He was the author of Cléopatre captive (1553), the first French tragedy that departed from medieval drama.
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, TyardTyard, Pontus de
, 1521?–1605, French poet of the Pléiade (see under Pleiad). The sonnets in his Erreurs amoureuses (3 vol., 1549–55) are imitative of Petrarch and are among the earliest written in France. He was bishop of Châlons from 1578 to 1592.
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, BaïfBaïf, Jean Antoine de
, 1532–89, French poet of the Pléiade (see under Pleiad). He wrote sonnets, didactic and satirical poems, and plays.
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, and DauratDaurat or Dorat, Jean
, 1508?–1588, French classical scholar. He taught (1546–56) at the Collège de Coqueret at Paris.
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. Their avowed purpose was to encourage the writing of French, as against Latin, in order to enrich the French language and to establish a modern literature equal to other literatures. They cultivated the use of classical and Italian forms, especially of the sonnet.

Bibliography

See G. Castor, Pléiade Poetics (1964); R. J. Clements, Critical Theory and Practice of the Pléiade (1942, repr. 1970).

References in periodicals archive ?
A November 1945 Pleiad article offered a small observation that is particularly illuminating in the contemporary era: "As we act here and now, we might bear in mind the fact that someday another college generation will be examining our actions impartially and what we do now will be subject for either criticism or praise.
Pleiad Investment Advisors was founded by former Soros Fund Management managers, Kenneth Lee and Michael Yoshino.
Puhvel dealt extensively with the Pleiades in Indo-European, Hittite, and ancient Near Eastern sources, not yet mentioning their alleged equation with kurtal(i); see "Names and Numbers of the Pleiad," in Semitic Studies in Honor of Wolf Leslau, vol.
French colleges were named after him and his work features in the famous schools poetry collection Pleiad.
Several of the Korean com-panies are interested in getting their own products into European markets, so there may be opportunities for companies such as DDS Medicines Research and Pleiad to provide specialised assistance to them.
On December 15 this "Brilliant Pleiad," as a journalist had dubbed them, boarded a train for the twelvehour trip south to Seville.
11) Certain pre-existent groups of seven, though not explicitly attested for Varro, are not likely to have been lacking: the Seven Sages, the Seven against Thebes,(12) the poets of the Pleiad, and the Kings of Rome.
The Andalusian members of 1927's Brilliant Pleiad provide the focus for a final set of essays, which significantly place the avant-garde in what most critics would see as the mainstream.
We are only told that what is `quite in earnest' about the poets of the Pleiad is their eagerness for Goudimel's music, an eagerness `of greater compass perhaps than words can possibly yield .
Whatever the explanation, the legend of a lost Pleiad has sprung up in many cultures around the world.
According to tradition, Dardanus was the son of Zeus and the Pleiad Electra.
His works include The Path of Sorrow (1832), poems on his first marriage; Conrad and Eudora (1834), a verse drama ( <IR> see BEAUCHAMPE </IR> ); The Lost Pleiad and Other Poems (1845), containing an elegy for his daughter; and Eonchs of Ruby, a Gift of Love (1845).