(redirected from Pleiads)
Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.


(plē`ăd) [from PleiadesPleiades,
in Greek mythology, seven daughters of Atlas and the nymph Pleione. According to one legend they were the attendants of Artemis and were changed into stars by the gods when they were pursued by the amorous hunter Orion.
..... Click the link for more information.
], group of seven tragic poets of Alexandria who flourished c.280 B.C. under Ptolemy II Philadelphus. Of the works of the men usually given in lists of the Pleiad only those of LycophronLycophron
, fl. early 3d cent. B.C., b. Chalcis, Alexandrian Greek poet, one of the Pleiad. His only extant poem Cassandra or Alexandra, is an obscure and difficult work in iambic verse. In ancient times his tragedies were highly esteemed.
..... Click the link for more information.
 survive. A group of enthusiastic French poets took c.1553 the name Pléiade from the Alexandrian Pleiad. The conventional seven of this group are RonsardRonsard, Pierre de
, 1524–1585, French poet. As page, then squire, Ronsard seemed destined for a career at court both in France and abroad. However, deafness turned him to a more secluded and studious life at the Collège de Coqueret where he became leader of the
..... Click the link for more information.
 (the leader), Joachim Du BellayDu Bellay, Joachim
, 1522?–1560, French poet of the Pléiade (see under Pleiad). He wrote their manifesto, La Deffence et illustration de la langue francoyse
..... Click the link for more information.
, BelleauBelleau, Remy
, 1528–77, French poet of the Pléiade (see under Pleiad). His Bergerie (1565), a collection of poems in a framework of prose, celebrates nature in sonnets, odes, eclogues, and hymns.
..... Click the link for more information.
, JodelleJodelle, Estienne
, 1532–73, French poet of the Pléiade (see under Pleiad). He was the author of Cléopatre captive (1553), the first French tragedy that departed from medieval drama.
..... Click the link for more information.
, TyardTyard, Pontus de
, 1521?–1605, French poet of the Pléiade (see under Pleiad). The sonnets in his Erreurs amoureuses (3 vol., 1549–55) are imitative of Petrarch and are among the earliest written in France. He was bishop of Châlons from 1578 to 1592.
..... Click the link for more information.
, BaïfBaïf, Jean Antoine de
, 1532–89, French poet of the Pléiade (see under Pleiad). He wrote sonnets, didactic and satirical poems, and plays.
..... Click the link for more information.
, and DauratDaurat or Dorat, Jean
, 1508?–1588, French classical scholar. He taught (1546–56) at the Collège de Coqueret at Paris.
..... Click the link for more information.
. Their avowed purpose was to encourage the writing of French, as against Latin, in order to enrich the French language and to establish a modern literature equal to other literatures. They cultivated the use of classical and Italian forms, especially of the sonnet.


See G. Castor, Pléiade Poetics (1964); R. J. Clements, Critical Theory and Practice of the Pléiade (1942, repr. 1970).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Some people have seen 14 Pleiads without optical aid.
Many a night I saw the Pleiads, rising thro' the mellow shade, Glitter like a swarm of firefiies tangled in a silver braid.
"The moon has set, and the Pleiads; it is the middle of the night and time passes, time passes, and I lie alone:' goes a fragment from Sappho, which moves Aldous Huxley to write, "Not even the best of the Chinese could have said more in so small a compass." Of chapter one of Pride and Prejudice, Gerald Bullett comments, "Possibly the shortest, wittiest, and most workmanlike first chapter in English fiction:'
For detailed predictions about the brightest Pleiads for many cities and towns, check www.lunar-occultations .com/iota/pleiades09/pleiades.htm.
By the time dawn brightens, the Moon clears the last of the brightest Pleiads.
In fact, these explanations are unnecessary, for the ancient Greeks said they could see only six Pleiads anyway.
The stars of the dipper's handle are Atlas and Pleione, the Pleiads' father and mother.
Atlas, the father of the Pleiads, marks the handle while his daughters Alcyone, Merope, Electra, Maia, and Taygeta form the bowl.
The nebulosity around the brighter Pleiads is not "gas remaining from the HII region" that spawned the cluster, and few astronomers would agree that "globular clusters are small satellite galaxies."
Marcy (San Francisco State University) to search for lithium in the faintest, reddest Pleiads. One of the best prospects, known as PPL 15, was discovered by John R.
How many Pleiads can you see with the naked eye from Earth?