Plein Air

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Plein Air


a term used in painting to denote the portrayal of the broad range of light changes caused by sunlight and air. Plein-air painting developed as a result of the work of artists who painted outdoors directly from nature in order to render more accurately the appearance of the natural world.

The earliest paintings executed en plein air are the works of several 17th-century Italian Renaissance artists. However, the principles of plein-air painting actually became popular in the first half of the 19th century. The technique was adopted by J. Constable in England and A. A. Ivanov in Russia. In the mid-19th century, it was adopted by the Barbizon school (T. Rousseau, J. Dupré, N. V. Diaz de la Peña, C.-F. Daubigny) and C. Corot. Plein-air painting was much valued in the second half of the 19th century by the impressionists, including C. Monet, C. Pissarro, and A. Renoir. In Russia, in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, noteworthy plein-air paintings were executed by V. D. Polenov, I. I. Levitan, V. A. Serov, K. A. Koro-vin, and I. E. Grabar’. Interest in the technique has continued in 20th-century art.


Liaskovskaia, O. A. Plener ν russkoi zhivopisi XIX veka. Moscow, 1966.
References in periodicals archive ?
The festival will be followed by a painting tour from February 26 to March 1, which will take international participants to various sites across the UAE to learn about the history, heritage and culture of the country and capture its beauty during plein air sessions.
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En Plein Air,by Maurice Cockrill, shows at theRoyal Cambrian Academy,Conwy, until Sunday 18 April.
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Landscape architecture (often mistakenly considered the handmaiden of architecture) is all ambience and therefore little understood in the confines of a museum, Curator Aaron Betsky made a smart move then in organizing an exhibition of five landscape projects en plein air, and not even in some artificially created zone.
When the Slippery Elms in summer leaf plunge (as later the maples draining sugar will plunge), honest rhapsodics, into a spate of talk, sap turns to wine, and the plein air to a thronged cafe where everyone gestures (except one languid Beauty).