Plessy v. Ferguson

(redirected from Plessy)
Also found in: Legal.

Plessy v. Ferguson,

case decided by the U.S. Supreme Court in 1896. The court upheld an 1890 Louisiana statute mandating racially segregated but equal railroad carriages, ruling that the equal protection clause of the 14th amendment to the U.S. Constitution dealt with political and not social equality. The case arose from resentment among black and Creole residents of New Orleans and was supported by the railroad companies, who felt it unnecessary to pay the cost of separate cars. Justice Henry Billings Brown wrote the majority opinion, stating that "separate but equal" laws did not imply the inferiority of one race to another. Justice John Harlan (1833–1911) dissented, arguing that the U.S. Constitution was color-blind. The decision provided constitutional sanction for the adoption throughout the South of a comprehensive series of Jim Crow lawsJim Crow laws,
in U.S. history, statutes enacted by Southern states and municipalities, beginning in the 1880s, that legalized segregation between blacks and whites. The name is believed to be derived from a character in a popular minstrel song.
..... Click the link for more information.
, which were maintained until overruled in 1954 by Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kans.Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kans.,
case decided by the U.S. Supreme Court in 1954. Linda Brown was denied admission to her local elementary school in Topeka because she was black.
..... Click the link for more information.
 It had particular relevance to education, with Justice Brown drawing parallels between race segregation on trains and in educational facilities.

Bibliography

See study by W. H. Hoffer (2012).

References in periodicals archive ?
There is a disturbing parallel between the civil unions law and the segregation of railroad cars upheld by the United States Supreme Court in Plessy v.
In the fifty-eight years between Plessy and the Court's landmark decision in Brown v.
But the community of scholars seems to be riveted by an aspect of the case that has yet to draw much attention: the ironic role played by two touchstone cases, Plessy v.
In 1896, the Supreme Court had handed down Plessy v.
Joseph Logsdon and Lawrence Powell remind us of New Orleans activist Rodolphe Lucien Desdunes' role in the challenges to segregation that inevitably led to the Plessy v.
The Court had upheld state-enforced racial segregation almost sixty years earlier in Plessy v.
Every two years in this country, white-ethnic or "bubba" scapegoats are discovered and hounded by upscale media and activists, across months of high-intensity moral preening, for such ritual offenses as the fabricated rape of Tawana Brawley by white law-enforcement officers; the fabricated epidemic of arson against black churches by Klan-like racists; the fabricated regression to Plessy v.
Harlan, I believe you may be acquainted with the controlling law: Plessy v.
Ninety-seven years after Dred Scott and fifty-eight years after Plessy, the Court in Brown reversed Dred Scott and Plessy.