Plessy v. Ferguson

(redirected from Plessy)
Also found in: Legal.

Plessy v. Ferguson,

case decided by the U.S. Supreme Court in 1896. The court upheld an 1890 Louisiana statute mandating racially segregated but equal railroad carriages, ruling that the equal protection clause of the 14th amendment to the U.S. Constitution dealt with political and not social equality. The case arose from resentment among black and Creole residents of New Orleans and was supported by the railroad companies, who felt it unnecessary to pay the cost of separate cars. Justice Henry Billings Brown wrote the majority opinion, stating that "separate but equal" laws did not imply the inferiority of one race to another. Justice John Harlan (1833–1911) dissented, arguing that the U.S. Constitution was color-blind. The decision provided constitutional sanction for the adoption throughout the South of a comprehensive series of Jim Crow lawsJim Crow laws,
in U.S. history, statutes enacted by Southern states and municipalities, beginning in the 1880s, that legalized segregation between blacks and whites. The name is believed to be derived from a character in a popular minstrel song.
..... Click the link for more information.
, which were maintained until overruled in 1954 by Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kans.Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kans.,
case decided by the U.S. Supreme Court in 1954. Linda Brown was denied admission to her local elementary school in Topeka because she was black.
..... Click the link for more information.
 It had particular relevance to education, with Justice Brown drawing parallels between race segregation on trains and in educational facilities.

Bibliography

See study by W. H. Hoffer (2012).

References in classic literature ?
Lying in bed all day and playing at dominoes, like poor Lord Plessy, would be more private and bearable."
While clerking for Jackson during the early arguments in Brown, Rehnquist wrote a legal memo that argued the Court should uphold Plessy v.
"When the three-judge panel convened, there hadn't been a federal judge in America that had specifically addressed that Plessy v.
The annual Day of Service will take place at the Homer A Plessy Community School.
Douglass called these "saving principles," and he devoted himself to convincing white Americans "to trust [these principles'] operation." In this, he foreshadowed Justice John Marshall Harlan's lone dissent against the Supreme Court's infamous Plessy v.
His analyses of cases such as Marbury v Madison and Plessy v Ferguson serve to underscore that power and, at times, he seems alarmed by it.
In Brown, the court overturned, for public schools, its approval of this doctrine in Plessy v.
Parishioner Homer Plessy, who was one-eighth black and thus considered black under state law, made the consequential decision to board a train at a depot about 15 blocks from the church.
This article serves to examine the role of the courthouse during the Jim Crow Era and the early stages of the Civil Rights Movement, as courthouses fulfilled their dual function of minstreling Plessy's callfor "equality under the law" and orchestrating overt segregation.
For example, it matters that Homer Plessy's racial makeup was mixed and that he often passed for a white man.
Seven chapters are divided into three parts: the beloved communities; the scientific state; Mexico and the attack on Plessy. There are notes and illustrations.