Plessy v. Ferguson

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Plessy v. Ferguson,

case decided by the U.S. Supreme Court in 1896. The court upheld an 1890 Louisiana statute mandating racially segregated but equal railroad carriages, ruling that the equal protection clause of the 14th amendment to the U.S. Constitution dealt with political and not social equality. The case arose from resentment among black and Creole residents of New Orleans and was supported by the railroad companies, who felt it unnecessary to pay the cost of separate cars. Justice Henry Billings Brown wrote the majority opinion, stating that "separate but equal" laws did not imply the inferiority of one race to another. Justice John Harlan (1833–1911) dissented, arguing that the U.S. Constitution was color-blind. The decision provided constitutional sanction for the adoption throughout the South of a comprehensive series of Jim Crow lawsJim Crow laws,
in U.S. history, statutes enacted by Southern states and municipalities, beginning in the 1880s, that legalized segregation between blacks and whites. The name is believed to be derived from a character in a popular minstrel song.
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, which were maintained until overruled in 1954 by Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kans.Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kans.,
case decided by the U.S. Supreme Court in 1954. Linda Brown was denied admission to her local elementary school in Topeka because she was black.
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 It had particular relevance to education, with Justice Brown drawing parallels between race segregation on trains and in educational facilities.


See study by W. H. Hoffer (2012).

References in classic literature ?
Lying in bed all day and playing at dominoes, like poor Lord Plessy, would be more private and bearable.
The annual Day of Service will take place at the Homer A Plessy Community School.
His analyses of cases such as Marbury v Madison and Plessy v Ferguson serve to underscore that power and, at times, he seems alarmed by it.
His presence in a railcar for white passengers sparked the legal fight that culminated in the Supreme Court's Plessy vs.
11) You rise to your feet as the Judge enters, (12) and the day's proceedings begin, immersed in the contradiction that Plessy (13) bestowed upon the courts.
Compare the following examples of briefed fact patterns from Plessy.
Seven chapters are divided into three parts: the beloved communities; the scientific state; Mexico and the attack on Plessy.
When it first began its fight against segregation, the NAACP didn't challenge Plessy head-on; instead, it argued that blacks actually weren't getting an equal education.
Board of Education [1954], An epilogue presses the story forward still further, touching on the ways in which, according to Hoffer, Plessy is "alive and well" still today.
First, it considers the first juvenile court's treatment of black youth within the context of the heightened racial oppression immediately following the Supreme Court's landmark decision in Plessy v.