Plessy v. Ferguson


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Plessy v. Ferguson,

case decided by the U.S. Supreme Court in 1896. The court upheld an 1890 Louisiana statute mandating racially segregated but equal railroad carriages, ruling that the equal protection clause of the 14th amendment to the U.S. Constitution dealt with political and not social equality. The case arose from resentment among black and Creole residents of New Orleans and was supported by the railroad companies, who felt it unnecessary to pay the cost of separate cars. Justice Henry Billings Brown wrote the majority opinion, stating that "separate but equal" laws did not imply the inferiority of one race to another. Justice John Harlan (1833–1911) dissented, arguing that the U.S. Constitution was color-blind. The decision provided constitutional sanction for the adoption throughout the South of a comprehensive series of Jim Crow lawsJim Crow laws,
in U.S. history, statutes enacted by Southern states and municipalities, beginning in the 1880s, that legalized segregation between blacks and whites. The name is believed to be derived from a character in a popular minstrel song.
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, which were maintained until overruled in 1954 by Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kans.Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kans.,
case decided by the U.S. Supreme Court in 1954. Linda Brown was denied admission to her local elementary school in Topeka because she was black.
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 It had particular relevance to education, with Justice Brown drawing parallels between race segregation on trains and in educational facilities.

Bibliography

See study by W. H. Hoffer (2012).

References in periodicals archive ?
In 1896 in Plessy v. Ferguson, the Court had established the doctrine of "separate but equal" that served as the legal underpinning for segregation (see Timeline, p.
While clerking for Jackson during the early arguments in Brown, Rehnquist wrote a legal memo that argued the Court should uphold Plessy v. Ferguson. Rehnquist later claimed that he wrote the memo to reflect Jackson's views, but O'Brien disputes this.
Then in 1896 in the case Plessy v. Ferguson, the U.S Supreme Court ruled that racial segregation was legal, so long as facilities separating white and black people were equal.
Douglass called these "saving principles," and he devoted himself to convincing white Americans "to trust [these principles'] operation." In this, he foreshadowed Justice John Marshall Harlan's lone dissent against the Supreme Court's infamous Plessy v. Ferguson decision of 1896, which produced the nefarious doctrine of "separate but equal." Harlan wrote: "Our Constitution is colorblind, and neither knows nor tolerates classes among citizens.
Highlighted events include the trial of Plessy v. Ferguson, the Brownsville Affair of 1906, the Niagara Movement, and the growth of the NAACP.
After the first round of arguments and briefs, the Court was deeply divided over whether Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) could be overturned and segregation in public schools outlawed.
Supreme Court decisions stand out as bookends: the 1896 Plessy v. Ferguson decision, which declared a "separate but equal" standard; and the Brown v.
In 1896, the Supreme Court, in Plessy v. Ferguson, endorsed ''separate but equal'' racial segregation, a concept renounced 58 years later in Brown v.
The 1896 case of Plessy v. Ferguson led to the Supreme Court decision that legalized racial segregation.
The Court has made significant strides since Plessy v. Ferguson (1) established the "separate but equal" doctrine for Louisiana and the rest of the nation.