The European response to the earlier burden sharing crisis, EDC, was embodied in the Pleven plan, named after the premier of France.
After the release of the Pleven plan, subsequent negotiations made it clear that the EDC would not be the vehicle for the rise of a genuine third great world power, as many leaders of France at the time desired.
AS IS TRUE of the current American response to ESDP, the Truman administration was initially of two minds about the Pleven plan. At first, many in the Truman administration, including Joint Chiefs Chairman Omar Bradley, felt the Pleven plan rendered NATO totally inoperable, as it precluded U.S.
The French National Assembly voted down the Pleven plan in August 1954 by a vote of 319-264.
Both the Schuman Plan and the finalized European Army proposal, known as the Pleven Plan, had supranational elements that would force Churchill to choose publicly between a supranationally unified Europe without Britain or an intergovernmentally integrated Europe with Britain but without effective economic and military unity.
The Pleven Plan also called for supranational institutions akin to the Schuman Plan, including a European defense minister responsible to a Council of Ministers.
Although he himself did not favor supranationalism, in a February no-confidence motion debate in the Commons, Churchill seized the chance to criticize Labour for disparaging the Pleven Plan. In July, President Eisenhower gave an impassioned speech in London on European unification.
Calling the Pleven Plan a "sludgy Amalgam" he argued it lacked esprit de corps and would soon become an "inefficient and ineffective force." Monnet responded that it was precisely in deference to Churchill's demands for Franco-German reconciliation that the Pleven Plan eliminated national armies, replacing them with a "real and genuine growth of the European mentality." Moreover, Monnet asserted, France was leading Germany by the hand into the European Army and the Schuman Plan just as Churchill had urged in his 1946 Zurich speech.
The same can be said of Churchill's speeches on Britain's participation in such federal schemes as the Pleven Plan for a European Army and the Schuman Plan.