Plexitis


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Plexitis

 

a disease of nerve plexus occurring with infections, poisonings, and traumas. True plexitis is rare. Radiculitis connected with such deformations of the spinal column as spondylosis and osteochondrosis is often diagnosed as plexitis. The clinical picture of the disease depends on the extent of the lesion; cervical, humeral, lumbar, and sacral plexitis are distinguished accordingly.

Characteristic of plexitis are pain, damage to the innervated muscles, diminution of reflexes, disturbances in sensitivity, and changes revealed by electrographic findings. The treatment of the disease is determined by the cause. Methods used include administration of pain relievers, biogenic stimulants, and vitamins of the B complex. Physiotherapy and treatment at sanatoriums and health resorts are also prescribed.

REFERENCE

Mnogotomnoe rukovodstvo po nevrologii, vol. 3. Moscow, 1962.
References in periodicals archive ?
Finally, we evaluated several pathologic features, including disease activity at margins; however, we did not collect data on features such as myenteric plexitis. Overall, we feel like these limitations are outweighed by the multicenter nature of our cohort, with a relatively large sample size, independent review of the hematoxylin-eosin stains blinded to clinical data, and robust assessment for any signs of recurrence.
The value of myenteric plexitis to predict early postoperative Crohn's disease recurrence.
The patient's histological assessment revealed mild inflammatory changes in the mucosa, normal aspects of the myenteric plexus in the ileum (Figure 2a and b), and the presence of eosinophils in the muscularis propria and myenteric plexus (myenteric plexitis) within the large bowel (Figure 2c and d).
Although CIPO may be independently due to MD and/or to an abnormal expression of a-actin and/or to eosinophilic plexitis, these features have never been simultaneously described in the same patient.
Meningitis with Ependymitis, Choroid Plexitis & Communicating Hydrocephalus
Brachial plexitis and myelitis and herpes-zoster lumbar plexus disorder in patient treated with infliximab.
Given the large number of perikarya and the absence of plexitis, it is possible that the mitosis occupied a perikaryon or sustentacular cell and that the affected ganglion was transitioning from giant ganglion to massive ganglion, though further studies would be required to confirm the identity and significance of the mitotically active cell.
Myenteric plexitis is a risk factor for endoscopic and clinical postoperative recurrence after ileocolonic resection in Crohn's disease.
In this study, we intended to evaluate the epidemiology of pain in and around the shoulder joint complex which included articular pain like adhesive capsulitis, acromioclavicular joint arthritis, sternoclavicular joint arthritis and soft tissue rheumatic symptoms around shoulder joint complex like regional myofascial pain around shoulder joint complex, rotator cuff disease and bursitis, neurological conditions which presented as pain around the shoulder joint complex like C5 radiculopathy and plexitis, and miscellaneous conditions like malignancy which presented with pain around shoulder.
Other etiologies include blunt trauma, irradiation, penetrating injury, vascular ectasia, carotid endarterectomy, cardiac surgery, laceration, compression, strenuous weight lifting, whiplash, spontaneous palsy (idiopathic) due to plexitis, and other more rare occasions (3-5,8-22).
(7) The Cryptococcus neoformans organism is a common soil fungus that infects the lungs and then spreads hematogenously to the CSF, causing choroid plexitis, meningitis, and encephalitis.
In immunocompetent patients with reactivated virus, the virus spreads into the proximal nerve roots adjacent to dorsal root ganglia, causing neuritis or plexitis.[35] The affected nerves show lymphocytic inflammation, vasculitis, demyelination, and axonal loss.