Solicitation of a uniquely specialised suspensory extant ape such as the living orangutan as either a proxy or model for the far more generalised climbing/clambering Miocene apes from which terrestrially bipedal hominids must have emerged represents a dubious undertaking in light of the currently available Pliocene
and Miocene fossil records.
Hydrocarbons there are associated with Jurassic, Cretaceous, Paleogene, Miocene and Pliocene
13 and 14) for Pliocene
pollen grains from Germany.
The presence of a long-tailed shrew at PCS, in the latest Miocene or early Pliocene
continental interior of mid-latitude eastern North America, well prior to the late Pliocene
initiation of glaciation in the northern hemisphere, suggests the presence of a relatively cool, moist microhabitat, probably including woodland, at least somewhere in the vicinity of the Pipe Creek Sinkhole during the latest Hemphillian land mammal age.
Today's climate has reached similar carbon dioxide levels to that of the Pliocene
Some of the oldest volcanic rocks found in the governorate date back to the Miocene and Pliocene
Scientists have long puzzled over the extent of global warming during the early Pliocene
, since it seems at odds with the modest carbon dioxide levels present at the time.
Scientists yesterday warned global warming could return the earth to the Pliocene
era four million years ago when sea levels were 80ft higher.
and suggest that they probably mark a period of regional stability and hot climate at the end of the Pliocene
or during one of the earlier interglacial periods.
This amazing area is considered one of the best outcrops of the Citronelle Formation, which dates back to the Pliocene
epoch, making it a hotbed for research activity by geologists and university students.
Orem and his colleagues have linked the disease to well water contaminated with organic compounds leached from low-rank (softer) coal deposits known as Pliocene
and Pleistocene records of North American Ophisaurus are summarized in Estes (1983).