Ploceidae


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Related to Ploceidae: Weaver bird

Ploceidae

 

a family of birds of the order Passeriformes. The body length is 7.6–19 cm, but a paradise weaver with a very long tail may measure as much as 64 cm in length. The bill is short, thick, and sometimes massive. The plumage is grayish or brownish, or it may be bright, for example, red, blue, or yellow. The family’s 313 species are distributed mainly in the tropics of Africa, Asia, and Australia, although sparrows (Passer) have settled far north in human settlements, and certain species have been imported to a number of countries, such as those of North America. The Ploceidae are predominantly settled birds. They often live in colonies, building spherical or hanging communal nests that are sometimes huge; some nest in burrows, under rocks, or on buildings. They feed mainly on seeds. In several countries the Ploceidae are severe pests of grain plantings. The USSR has representatives of five genera: Passer (seven species), Petronia, Pyrgilauda (two species), Carpospiza, and Montifringill.

References in periodicals archive ?
The PCA figures show a broad overlap between Estrildidae and Ploceidae (four subfamilies, with Anomalospiza in Viduinae) in Fig.
In five more tabulated characters there was some difference in a few species between Estrildidae and Ploceidae, but there were large areas of overlap: size of the retroarticular process of the mandible, shape of the caudal basibranchial, presence and size of a manubriumsternum bridge, ratio of tarsometatarsus length to skull length, and ratio of humerus length to femur length.
Cramp & Perrins (1994) and Fry & Keith (2004) separated Passeridae as a separate family from Ploceidae.
Whether the subfamily Viduinae should be transferred from Ploceidae to Estrildidae or segregated as a separate family is not clarified by osteology.
Ploceidae, Passerinae: Plocepasser mahali, 1 KS70632
The appendicular myology and phylogenetic relationships of the Ploceidae and Estrildidae (Aves: Passeriformes).