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(ployĕsht`), city (1990 pop. 259,014), S central Romania, in Walachia. It is the chief center of the Romanian petroleum industry and of the Ploieşti oil region. The city is a railroad hub and is linked by oil pipelines with Bucharest and the ports of Giurgiu on the Danube River and Constanţa on the Black Sea. It has large refineries and oil storage installations and is an industrial center with varied manufactures. Founded in 1596 by Prince Michael the Brave of Walachia, Ploieşti grew in the 19th cent. into the largest oil-producing center of SE Europe. After Romania signed (1940) a mutual cooperation pact with the Axis powers that provided substantial Romanian oil to Germany, the Allies heavily bombed the city. An earthquake in 1940 also inflicted severe damage. After World War II, Romania nationalized the Ploieşti oil industry, which until then had been owned largely by foreign interests. Under Communist rule, massive investments in the petroleum and petrochemical industries were made in the drive to modernize.



a city in southern Rumania; administrative center of Prahova District. Population, 170,000 (1972). Ploieşti is an important transportation junction, with seven railroad lines, as well as highways and oil and gas pipelines. It is the center of Rumania’s main oil-producing region. Natural gas and oil are extracted nearby, as well as brown coal and rock salt. Among the leading industries are petroleum refining and machine building; the latter is represented by enterprises that produce bearings, transportation equipment, and equipment for the petroleum and chemical industries. The products of local food-processing enterprises include meat, milk, flour, wine, spirits, and baked goods. Ploieşti’s chemical industry produces plastics, detergents, toxic chemicals used in agriculture, paints, and rubber goods. Other industries include printing and the production of woolen textiles, glass, faience, leather goods, and building materials. There is a steam electric power plant in Ploieşti.


Ploieşti. Bucharest, 1966.
References in periodicals archive ?
Ploiesti is located around 50 kilometres north of the Romanian capital, Bucharest and the plot is currently earmarked for residential development.
Prosecutors from the Ploiesti court of appeals indicted the director-general of the refinery, as well as two deputy managers and also a
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AFI Palace Ploiesti is the first modern shopping mall to be developed in central Ploiesti.
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The second world performance is recorded in 1857 when the first industrial oil refinery started to work in Ploiesti.
Veolia Water, the water division of the French group Veolia Environnement, plans to invest more than Euro 100 million over two years in Romania, where it manages water and sewerage networks in Bucharest and in Ploiesti (in the South), said its Managing Director, Antoine Frerot.
The hotel conversion project is located in a prominent position in the city and will proudly open as the DoubleTree by Hilton Ploiesti in 2011 following refurbishment and extensive upgrades.
Contract award notice: Delegation of the public lighting service management in ploiesti.
29 March 2017 - UK-based property fund manager and investor First Property Group plc (AIM: FPO) has agreed to sell one of its three directly held properties in Romania, a logistics warehouse in Ploiesti, for a total consideration of some EUR 3.
Flanco Retail invested approximately EUR 600,000 into opening a new store in AFI Palace Ploiesti Romania.