Plumbaginaceae


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Plumbaginaceae

[‚pləm·bə·jə′nās·ē‚ē]
(botany)
The leadworts, the single family of the order Plumbaginales.

Plumbaginaceae

 

(plumbagos, or leadworts), a family of dicotyledonous plants including herbs, subshrubs, and shrubs. The regular, pentamerous, bisexual flowers are gathered into inflorescences. The membranous or stiff calyx is gamophyllus and, in many species, brightly colored; it remains on the plant even after fruit formation. The gynoecium consists of five carpels, and the ovary is superior. The fruits are one-seeded and in-dehiscent.

There are about 15 genera, embracing more than 500 species. The plants are found nearly throughout the world but are most common in nontropical regions of the northern hemisphere and, especially, in the Eurasian Mediterranean region, where they often grow in saline soils and along the seacoast. There are more than 130 species in the USSR, growing mainly in Middle Asia and the Caucasus. The largest genera are Acantholimon and Limonium.

The family Plumbaginaceae includes tannin and dye plants. Some botanists place certain species in the families Aegialitida-ceae and Limoniaceae. The former contains the single genus Aegialitis, which forms mangrove thickets in the Old World, and the latter contains 14 genera.

REFERENCE

Linchevskii, I. A. “Svinchatkovye—Plumbaginaceae Lindl.” In Flora SSSR, vol. 18. Moscow-Leningrad, 1952.
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Link MST (cap; B, OA) Plumbaginaceae Plumbago scandens L.
Pinaceae Pinus pinaster Aiton -- -- -- -- Plumbaginaceae Armeria duriaiei Boiss.
Cases with a single (curved) ovule in a bi- or tricarpellate gynoecium are present in Basellaceae (Eckardt, 1955), Sarcobataceae (Behnke, 1997), Plumbaginaceae (De Laet et al.
Gimel misapplied) (1) Plumbaginaceae (Leadwort Plumbago scandens L.
About 25% of the terrestrial halophytes are chenopods, 10% are Poaceae, 4% are Asteraceae, 4% are Plumbaginaceae, and the rest belong to many different families, including the Aizoaceae, Cyperaceae, Leguminosae, Tamaricaceae, and Zygophyllaceae.
P scap Plumbaginaceae Limonium bellidifolium (Gouan) Dumort H ros Limonium graecum (Poiret) Rech.
seed Plumbaginaceae Limonium tartaricum seed Plumbaginaceae Statice bahusiensis Fr.
The difference has been found to correlate with plant families or subfamilies with Orchidaceae, Campanulaceae, Cruciferae, Solanaceae, Scrophulariaceae, Plumbaginaceae, Geraniaceae and Ranunculaceae etc.