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The leadworts, the single family of the order Plumbaginales.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(plumbagos, or leadworts), a family of dicotyledonous plants including herbs, subshrubs, and shrubs. The regular, pentamerous, bisexual flowers are gathered into inflorescences. The membranous or stiff calyx is gamophyllus and, in many species, brightly colored; it remains on the plant even after fruit formation. The gynoecium consists of five carpels, and the ovary is superior. The fruits are one-seeded and in-dehiscent.

There are about 15 genera, embracing more than 500 species. The plants are found nearly throughout the world but are most common in nontropical regions of the northern hemisphere and, especially, in the Eurasian Mediterranean region, where they often grow in saline soils and along the seacoast. There are more than 130 species in the USSR, growing mainly in Middle Asia and the Caucasus. The largest genera are Acantholimon and Limonium.

The family Plumbaginaceae includes tannin and dye plants. Some botanists place certain species in the families Aegialitida-ceae and Limoniaceae. The former contains the single genus Aegialitis, which forms mangrove thickets in the Old World, and the latter contains 14 genera.


Linchevskii, I. A. “Svinchatkovye—Plumbaginaceae Lindl.” In Flora SSSR, vol. 18. Moscow-Leningrad, 1952.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Molecular phylogenetics of limonium and related genera (Plumbaginaceae): Biogeographical and systematic implications.
Gage, "Osmoprotective compounds in the Plumbaginaceae: a natural experiment in metabolic engineering of stress tolerance," Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol.
AFLP analysis of the critically endangered Limonium cavanillesii (Plumbaginaceae).
Family Name (Latin and Common): Plumbaginaceae, the Plumbago or Leadwort family
Some Plumbaginaceae, such as the genus Limonium, have saltexcreting glands.
Caryophyllids: Caryophyllaceae, Chenopodiaceae, Nyctaginaceae, Olacaceae, Plumbaginaceae, Polygonaceae, Portulaceae, Santalaceae, Viscaceae/Loranthaceae.
hastata, Chenopodiaceae Coronopus didymus, Brassicaceae Cotula coronopifolia, Asteraceae Cuscuta salina, Cuscutaceae Distichlis spicata, Poaceae Frankenia grandifolia, Frankeniaceae Grindelia stricta, Asteraceae Jaumea carnosa, Asteraceae Juncus lesueurii, Juncaceae Limonium californicum, Plumbaginaceae Lotus scoparius, Fabaceae Plantago maritima, Plantaginaceae Potentilla edgedie, Rosaceae Salicornia virginica, Chenopodiaceae Scirpus americanus, Cyperaceae Spartina foliosa, Poaceae Spergularia macrotheca, Caryophyllaceae Triglochin maritima, Juncaginaceae Unknown grass - never flowered, Poaceae I investigated the recovery and establishment of a salt marsh plant community at two different spatial scales (30-m line transects vs.
& Spach) Nevski (Plumbaginaceae) is new for Turkish flora.
M Rt Tcp Plumbaginaceae Plumbago scandens G Cl Tcp L.
Three types of glands have been described: the bladder cells of the Chenopodiaceae; the multicellular glands observed in dicotyledonous species of the families Acanthaceae, Aizoaceae, Aveceniaceae, Combretaceae; Convolvulaceae; Frankiaceae, Plumbaginaceae and Tamaricaceae (Waisel, 1972; Wahit, 2003; Kobayashi, 2008; Flowers et al, 2010); and the bicellular glands found in species of the Poaceae family (Liphschitz & Waisel, 1974; Fahn, 1979; Wieneke et al., 1987; Mauseth, 1988; Thomson, 1975; Marcum & Murdoch, 1994; Somaru et al., 2002; Wahit, 2003).