Plutarco Elias Calles

Calles, Plutarco Elias

 

Born Sept. 25, 1877, in Guay-mas, Sonora; died Oct. 19, 1945, in Mexico City. Mexican statesman and political figure. Teacher by profession.

Calles was one of the participants in the Revolution of 1910— 17, and in 1914 he became a general. From 1918 to 1923 he occupied important ministerial posts. He was president from 1924 to 1928. At first he pursued a policy aimed at strengthening the national sovereignty of the country, defending Mexico’s right to its own natural resources against the encroachments of American monopolies and supporting Nicaragua in its national liberation struggle against US imperialism. However, he eventually capitulated totally to native reaction and American capital, supporting a policy of concessions to US oil monopolies and suppressing democratic forces within the country. In 1930, under his immediate influence, Mexico severed diplomatic relations with the USSR. From 1933 to 1935 he was minister of finance. In 1936 he was expelled from the country for his antinational reactionary activity and interference in the affairs of the progressive government led by L. Cárdenas y del Rio. Returning to Mexico in 1941, he abandoned politics.

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El origen del PRI, Plutarco Elias Calles o Lazaro Cardenas no pasan de ser registros historicos, no mas.
La historia habla de expropiaciones, de cuartel militar con caballerizas anexas; de residencia del general Plutarco Elias Calles para estar cerca de Alvaro Obregon a la hora de la intriga.
estuvieron inmiscuidos personajes del grupo revolucionario, como Plutarco Elias Calles o Luis N.
Entre la decada de 1980 y la primera decada del presente siglo se han publicado estudios biograficos sobre Alvaro Obregon y Plutarco Elias Calles,--las figuras politicas dominantes del periodo--asimismo han visto la luz analisis sobre las condiciones politicas posteriores al asesinato de Obregon y el encumbramiento del "Jefe Maximo", asi como estudios particulares sobre otras figuras militares del periodo--Joaquin Amaro, Francisco R.
Calles's personal reminiscences would be of interest in their own right, but they take on even greater significance for the history of the nation, given that their focus rests mainly on the life and political career of her father, former Mexican President Plutarco Elias Calles, or "El General.
The wholesale raping, pillaging, destruction and desecration of churches, murder and torture of priests, closing of Catholic schools, takeover of education by anti-Christian propagandists, and other outrages initiated by the regime of President Plutarco Elias Calles, ultimately drove the long-suffering Mexican people to take up arms against the dictatorial oppressor.
Marak in From Many, One: Indians, Peasants, Borders, and Education in Callista Mexico, 1924-1935 analyzes the expansion of the federal education system amongst northern Indigenous peoples during the Plutarco Elias Calles presidency and the proceeding Maximato while Calles was the nation's primary decision-maker behind a series of subordinate presidents.
261-284; "Religion y revolucion en Mexico, 1929-1940", en Boletin Fideicomiso Archivos Plutarco Elias Calles y Fernando Torreblanca, 15 (1994), 24 pp.
Hacia el final de su existencia, completamente solo, Plutarco Elias Calles busca un consuelo, descubrir un trozo de "verdad" que le permita morir en paz, aunque lo espere un espantoso purgatorio donde se confrontara con cada una de las personas a las que mando matar: Francisco Serrano, el padre Agustin Pro, Alvaro Obregon .
From 1924 to 1934, Plutarco Elias Calles (1877-1945) served as a key consolidator of the Mexican state, severely weakened by a violent and destructive revolution (1910-17).
Incluso Aragon muestra las fotografias del padre y la abuela de un hombre que si pertenece a nuestra historia nacional: el guaymense Plutarco Elias Calles.
Plutarco Elias Calles is remembered in Mexico as one of the Revolution's "winners," those opportunistic survivors who mouthed the pieties of social justice while establishing an oligarchy more brutal and corrupt than the one they had just overthrown.