Plymouth Brethren

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Plymouth Brethren,

group of Christian believers originating in the early 19th cent. in Ireland and spreading from there to the Continent (especially Switzerland), the British dominions, and the United States. One of their notable leaders was John Nelson DarbyDarby, John Nelson,
1800–1882, one of the founders of the Plymouth Brethren, b. England. In 1827 he left a curate's post in Wicklow, Ireland, and joined with others in Dublin to found the Brethren.
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; the members are sometimes known as Darbyites. They refer to themselves as Brethren, Christians, or Believers. In a reaction against the formality of prescribed ritual, the requirements of ministerial ordination, and other established conditions in the churches of the times, groups of believers began to meet independently in Dublin and elsewhere for spiritual communion. Associations were formed c.1828 in Dublin and c.1830 at Plymouth, England, whence the popular name Plymouth Brethren. Brethren hold differing opinions concerning baptism and expect the personal premillennial second coming of Christ. The Lord's Supper, as a commemorative act of worship, is observed once a week. Followers of different leaders withdrew from time to time from the main body to form new congregations. This tendency to divide was carried over into the United States and Canada by emigrants, who established new meetings of the Brethren there. In the United States there are eight separate divisions, some of the exclusive type, stressing congregational interdependency, and some of the open type, stressing the independence of congregations. Basically fundamentalist, the Brethren consider the Scriptures the only true guide. No officers are chosen to preside over the congregations; the privileges and duties of the ministry depend upon the personal gift of the individual member. Membership in the United States is c.98,000.


See study by F. R. Coad (1968).

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References in periodicals archive ?
A spokesman at the Plymouth Brethren Christian Church said: "We expect to open the school during the final term of the academic year.
A team of volunteers from the Plymouth Brethren transformed the pavillion building in the recreation ground in one day, coating interior walls and ceilings in fresh new paint and applying gloss to scuffed and worn doors and frames.
It was only an appetiser, which we tucked away to the accompaniment of a delicious conversation about the Plymouth Brethren in India -- I had imagined they didn't exist outside Dublin and New Hampshire on either side of the Atlantic, but just Delhi has seven congregations of this little- known Christian denomination!
As Shaw points out, Mennonites, Quakers, Tunkers, Doukhobors, and eventually Christadelphians and Seventh-Day Adventists were granted exemption from military conscription on the basis of membership in a group, while members of the International Bible Student's Association (Jehovah's Witnesses after 1931) and Plymouth Brethren were not.
Plymouth Brethren minister John Nelson Darby (1800-1882) popularized the doctrine under the name "dispensationalism," which was further spread by the Scofield Reference Bible published in 1909.
A member of the Plymouth Brethren, he held strong religious views.
Brett Grainger grew up in a household of Plymouth Brethren, a Protestant sect that eschews priests and ministers, lives ascetically, and believes fervently that Jesus is about to appear and "rapture" them to Heaven.
His mother, Mary (Jessica Hynes), is a member of the Plymouth Brethren, which forbids Will to watch corruptive influences like film, TV and radio.
His mother, Mary, is a member of the Plymouth Brethren, which forbids Will from corruptive influences like film, television and the radio.
His mother, Mary (Hynes), is a member of the Plymouth Brethren, which forbids Will from corruptive influences such as film, television and the radio.
Meaning that July, 2008 marks the 100th anniversary of his birth in Ammanf ord - although it might have been Chicago, where his father was an evangelist with the Plymouth Brethren.
The good British cast also includes Jessica Hynes (nee Stevenson) as Will's mother, torn between her family and the puritanical demands of the Plymouth Brethren - and the not-so-spiritual attentions of Brother Joshua (Neil Dudgeon).

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