Pneumatic Loudspeaker

pneumatic loudspeaker

[nu̇′mad·ik ′lau̇d‚spēk·ər]
(engineering acoustics)
A loudspeaker in which the acoustic ouput results from controlled variation of an airstream.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Pneumatic Loudspeaker


an acoustic radiator in which the sound is generated by modulation of a flow of compressed air. Pneumatic loudspeakers were used in the 1930’s and 1940’s to transmit orders and information in large harbors, river ports, and other areas with a high noise level.

A pneumatic loudspeaker consists of a compressor and a tank to produce a stream of compressed air, a modulator to vary the stream according to audio-frequency oscillations supplied to it, and a horn to radiate the sound. Such loudspeakers produced an acoustic power of up to 2 kilowatts and reproduced audio-frequency oscillations with frequencies of up to 2.5–3.5 kilohertz, with high internal noise and substantial nonlinear distortion.


Olson, H. F., and F. Massa. Prikladnaia akustika. Moscow, 1938. (Translated from English.)
Beranek, L. Akusticheskie izmereniia. Moscow, 1952. (Translated from English.)
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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