Konstantin Pobedonostsev

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Pobedonostsev, Konstantin Petrovich


Born May 21 (June 2), 1827, in Moscow; died Mar. 10 (23), 1907, in St. Petersburg. Russian reactionary state figure, jurist, chief procurator of the Synod. Son of a Moscow University professor.

Pobedonostsev graduated from a school of law in 1846. He served as a clerk in departments of the Senate. From 1860 to 1865 he was a professor and held the chair of civil law at Moscow University. He became a senator in 1868 and a member of the State Council in 1872. From 1880 to 1905 he was chief procurator of the Synod. Pobedonostsev taught jurisprudence to the grand dukes, including the future emperors Alexander III and Nicholas II, over both of whom he exerted great influence. He authored the Manifesto of Apr. 29, 1881, on the strengthening of the autocracy. He was an inspirer of extreme reaction. He opposed Western European culture and bourgeois social reforms. Pobedonostsev set forth his views in the book Moscow Collection in 1896. As chief procurator of the Synod, he carried out repressive measures against the schismatics, and sectarians. He restricted the schools of the zemstvos (district and provincial bodies of self-government) and strengthened those of the church. In the late 1880’s, his influence waned. After the publication of the Manifesto of Oct. 17, 1905, Pobedonostsev went into retirement.


Kurs grazhdanskogo prava, vols. 1–3, UkazateV. St. Petersburg, 1896.
Istoricheskie issledovaniia i stat’i. St. Petersburg, 1876.
Pobedonostsev i ego korrespondenty: Pis’ma i zapiski, vol. 1. Moscow-Petrograd, 1923.
Pis’ma k Aleksandru III, vols. 1–2. Moscow, 1925–26.


Zaionchkovskii, P. A. Krizis samoderzhaviia na rubezhe 1870–1880-kh gg. Moscow, 1964.


References in periodicals archive ?
In his letter to the Chief Procurator of the Holy Synod Konstantin Pobedonostsev (8.
This chapter makes a valuable contribution in taking Pobedonostsev seriously rather than dismissing him as an obscurantist and reactionary, as is usually the case; however, the section on Kireev, which focuses on his strange ecumenical project that seemed to lack support on all sides, seems out of place in this volume.
However, by that time, the powerful head of the Holy Synod, Konstantin Pobedonostsev, was ensuring that the law forbidding conversions from Orthodoxy was enforced.
Dowler has a number of interesting things to say, but his presentation is dry and, because of this, his central protagonists (Il'minskii, Ismail Bey Gaspirali, Pobedonostsev, and others) are not really given the chance to become the "intriguing cast of character s" they are advertised to be on the dust jacket.
Pobedonostsev, who translated Thomas a Kempis's Imitation of Christ into Russian.
Yet it is surely significant that the fiercely anti-Enlightenment Russian nationalist Constantine Pobedonostsev, a figure who dominated late-imperial political and cultural life, reportedly found Burke to be his favorite English writer.
One of the most infamous involved the strategy of the advisors to the Russian tsars - men such as Konstantin Pobedonostsev (1827-1907) - to divert the masses' attention from their miseries by incitement against the Jews.
Konstantin Pobedonostsev, director of OKB MEI, added, "The VSAT technology from AT&T Tridom will complement our wide range of satellite and wireless communications products and services.
Engelstein attributes the Holy Synod's belated decision to approve marital reform in 1910 to either the disappearance of the reactionary Pobedonostsev from leadership of the church or the changed political climate after 1905.