Konstantin Pobedonostsev

(redirected from Pobedonostsev)

Pobedonostsev, Konstantin Petrovich

 

Born May 21 (June 2), 1827, in Moscow; died Mar. 10 (23), 1907, in St. Petersburg. Russian reactionary state figure, jurist, chief procurator of the Synod. Son of a Moscow University professor.

Pobedonostsev graduated from a school of law in 1846. He served as a clerk in departments of the Senate. From 1860 to 1865 he was a professor and held the chair of civil law at Moscow University. He became a senator in 1868 and a member of the State Council in 1872. From 1880 to 1905 he was chief procurator of the Synod. Pobedonostsev taught jurisprudence to the grand dukes, including the future emperors Alexander III and Nicholas II, over both of whom he exerted great influence. He authored the Manifesto of Apr. 29, 1881, on the strengthening of the autocracy. He was an inspirer of extreme reaction. He opposed Western European culture and bourgeois social reforms. Pobedonostsev set forth his views in the book Moscow Collection in 1896. As chief procurator of the Synod, he carried out repressive measures against the schismatics, and sectarians. He restricted the schools of the zemstvos (district and provincial bodies of self-government) and strengthened those of the church. In the late 1880’s, his influence waned. After the publication of the Manifesto of Oct. 17, 1905, Pobedonostsev went into retirement.

WORKS

Kurs grazhdanskogo prava, vols. 1–3, UkazateV. St. Petersburg, 1896.
Istoricheskie issledovaniia i stat’i. St. Petersburg, 1876.
Pobedonostsev i ego korrespondenty: Pis’ma i zapiski, vol. 1. Moscow-Petrograd, 1923.
Pis’ma k Aleksandru III, vols. 1–2. Moscow, 1925–26.

REFERENCE

Zaionchkovskii, P. A. Krizis samoderzhaviia na rubezhe 1870–1880-kh gg. Moscow, 1964.

P. A. ZAIONCHKOVSKII

References in periodicals archive ?
In this contentious climate, the head of the Holy Synod Konstantin Petrovich Pobedonostsev claimed that arguments for freedom of conscience were just a pretext used by heterodox groups to promote their particular interests.
Ello se vio reflejado en la demanda del gobierno del Zar, quien era totalmente sumiso a la influencia del partido antisemita, liderado por el Procurador General del Santo Sinodo, Pobedonostsev, de colocar la administracion del dinero no bajo la potestad de la organizacion a ser creada por Hirsch sino del mismo gobierno.
Pobedonostsev (1827-1907), the oberprokuror of the Holy Synod of the Russian Orthodox Church from 1880 onward.
The Chief Procurator of the Holy Synod, Konstantin Pobedonostsev, led the counter-attack in what would be a protracted spiritual battle.
As Hugh McLean points out, this character is "an obvious caricature" of the arch-conservative Chief Prosecutor Konstantin Pobedonostsev, who was a major advisor to Alexander III (107).
The formula attributed to the conservative Russian statesman Konstantin Pobedonostsev (18271907)--that the solution to Russian's Jewish problem would be for one third to die, one third to assimilate, and one third to emigrate--found expression in the pogroms: certainly there were deaths, certainly there were those who sought sanctuary through merging into the general population (difficult though that was), and certainly there was intimidation leading many Jews to flee overseas.
I would trace the new ideas to antisemitic czarist officials like Konstantin Pobedonostsev, and to the post-1917 Bolshevik regime.
They also note the physical resemblances - small stature, big ears - shared by Apollon Apollonovich and another famous reactionary Konstantin Pobedonostsev (299).
Just because Konstantin Pobedonostsev, an adviser to Tsar Alexander III, used language vaguely reminiscent of the Book of Ezekiel hardly establishes cause and effect.
In his letter to the Chief Procurator of the Holy Synod Konstantin Pobedonostsev (8.
Pobedonostsev stated that the three-stage launching rocket attained a speed of about 4,500 miles per hour in the first two minutes.