Podolia


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Podolia

(pōdō`lyə), region, SW Ukraine, separated in the south from Moldova by the Dniester and in the west from W Galicia by the Southern Buh. It borders on Volhynia in the north. Kamyanets-PodilskyyKamyanets-Podilskyy
, Rus. Kamenets-Podolski, city (1989 pop. 102,000), Khmelnytskyy region, Ukraine. It is a rail terminus and has industries that produce foodstuffs, tobacco, machinery, machine tools, and automobile parts.
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 (its historic capital), Mohyliv-PodilskyyMohyliv-Podilskyy
, Rus. Mogilev-Podolski, city, E Ukraine, at the confluence of the Dniester and Derlo rivers. In the 17th cent. it became an important commercial point on the road from Ukraine to Turkey and was periodically ruled by the Ukrainian Cossacks, Poles, and
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, VinnytsyaVinnytsya
, Rus. Vinnitsa, city (1989 pop. 374,000), capital of Vinnytsya region, in Podolia, Ukraine, on the Southern Buh River. A railroad junction in a sugar beet district, the city has food-processing industries. It was taken by Russia from Poland in 1793.
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, and KhmelnytskyyKhmelnytskyy
, Rus. Khmelmitsky, formerly Proskurov
, city (1989 pop. 237,000), capital of Khmelnytskyy region, Ukraine, on the Southern Buh River. It is a rail terminus and highway hub and has food-processing (notably sugar-refining) plants and factories that
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 are the chief cities. The population is predominantly Ukrainian; the large Jewish minority that settled in Podolia in the Middle Ages was virtually exterminated by German occupation forces in World War II. A fertile hilly plain drained by the Dniester and the Southern Buh, Podolia is one of the richest and most densely populated agricultural regions of Ukraine. The principal crops are sugar beets, wheat, tobacco, and sunflowers. Dairy farming and beekeeping are also important, and phosphate is mined. Food processing, especially sugar milling, is the major industry. One of Ukraine's oldest regions, Podolia was part of Kievan Rus from the 10th cent. and later belonged to the Halych and Volhynia principalities. In the 14th cent. Polish colonists began to convert the region of Podolia from steppe into arable farmland. W Podolia was annexed to Poland in 1430; the eastern section was part of Lithuania until the latter's union with Poland in 1569. Occupied by Turkey in 1672, Podolia was returned to Poland by the Treaty of Karlowitz in 1699. E Podolia passed to Russia in 1793. The western portion was transferred to Austria in 1772, belonged to Poland from 1918 to 1939, and was then annexed by the USSR in 1945.
References in periodicals archive ?
Contributions to the knowledge of the vertebrate fauna of the Silurian and Devonian of Podolia II--Note on two Arthrodires from the Downtonian of Podolia.
For example, when the expert Jew German Barats traveled to the southwestern region of Russia (Kiev, Podolia, and Volhynia provinces) to popularize "the enrollment of Jewish children into government-sponsored Jewish schools" the Hasidic Jews of Kamenets-Podol'sk threw stones at him.
442 (Chancellery of the Governor-General of Kiev, Podolia, and Volynia), op.
El viaje de los inmigrantes del Weser se habia originado en 1887 en una reunion celebrada en Katowiic (Silenia, Polonia) por delegados de las comunidades judias de Podolia y Besarabia, donde las condiciones de vida eran extremadamente severas; en dicha reunion prevalecio la idea que la unica solucion consistia en la emigracion, enviandose un delegado a Paris en busca del apoyo del Baron de Rotschild a los fines de emigrar a Palestina.
Many of them have roots in present-day Ukraine, in Podolia and Volhynia, the territories from which their ancestors were expelled by the decision of the Great Powers after the Second World War.
At the same time, Buczkowski perceives the tragedy of Jews in the broader context --the tragedy of all other nationalities inhabiting the areas of Volhynia and Podolia.
Although Liszt visited Ukraine in 1847, and gave a concert in Kiev, where, among others, the historian Mykola Kostomarov (1817-85) heard him, and although he spent some time at an estate in Podolia, where he heard some Ukrainian folksongs and composed a few pieces based on them, his "Mazeppa," according to Pauls, is "a hymn to the unconquered human spirit," and not based on Ukrainian song.
Born in the village of Kurylowka in the Podolia Governorate (3), from his early childhood Paderewski manifested an exceptional aptitude and gift for music.
In 1808, Rabbi Menahem Mendel Lefin of Satanov, Podolia (modern Ukraine), published his booklet Sefer Heshbon Ha'Nefesh ("The Book of Self-Examination"), presenting Franklin's method in Hebrew, accompanied by a dozen rabbinic approbations and sprinkled with rabbinic and scriptural supports to assure readers of its conformity to Jewish tradition (SINKOFF 2000, p.
In the early nineteenth century, for example, most Poles identified "Ukraine" as the region around Kiev, that is, the Kiev Province of the Russian Empire (for them, Volhynia and Podolia, to say nothing of Austrian Galicia, were not part of Ukraine); many Russians, including so-called "Little Russians" or Ukrainians, defined it in terms of the area around the city of Kharkiv and east to Kursk and Voronezh, that is, the lands of the old "Hetmanate" and Sloboda Ukraine (most of which was never a part of Poland), while still others thought of Ukraine in terms of the entire region from the Carpathians to the Kuban, that is, the entire expanse of the Pontic Steppe and beyond.
This name is most probably taken from Ukrainians living nearby (Borza cites this name as Ukrainian (Borza 1968); it is used by Ukrainians in some parts of Ukraine--authors survey in Podolia, Ukraine).