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Related to Podophyllum: Podophyllum peltatum, podophyllum resin



a genus of plants of the family Podophyl-laceae. (The plants are sometimes included in the family Ber-beridaceae.) The genus Podophyllum consists of low perennial herbs that have a long, creeping rootstock. The upper part of the stem bears two large, opposite, and long-petioled palmatipartite leaves and one drooping white flower measuring about 5 cm in diameter. The perianth has three to six sepals and six to nine petals. The fruit is a large, many-seeded yellow berry. There are six to ten species, distributed in the Himalayas, eastern Asia, and the eastern part of North America. The best-known American species, mayapple (P. peltatum) and P. hexartdrum (formerly P. emodi), grow in shady forests. Both are cultivated in the USSR for their rhizome, which contains podophyllotoxin, a-peltatin, and /3-peltatin. The plants are used to obtain the medicine podophyllin, which is used to treat tumors and as a purgative, a cholagogue, and an anesthetic.


Atlas lekarstvennykh rastenii SSSR. Moscow, 1962.

T. V. Eoorova

References in periodicals archive ?
Taken as cooling drink Podophyllum hexandrum Royle Rhizome yields podophyllin used to check cancerous growth Polygonium alpinum All.
Cataphylls conserving an arrested but clearly peltate and lobed lamina are known to occur also in Podophyllum peltatum (Holm, 1899, his Fig.
Several conclusions relative to the shoot apex of Podophyllum peltatum and the affect of the seasonal cycle upon the apical meristem can be drawn from this investigation:
Retrospective findings of the clinical benefits of podophyllum resin 25% sol on hairy leukoplakia.
Among others we can cite as plant-derived drugs, vincristine isolated from Catharanthus roseus, paclitaxel isolated from Taxus brevifolia, irinotecan, which is a hemisynthetic derivative of camptothecin isolated from Camptotheca acuminata, and etoposide, which is a hemisynthetic derivative of a compound isolated from Podophyllum.
Many of the forbs occurring in this cemetery were woodland species, including Ageratina altissima, Campanulastrum americanum, Cryptotaenia canadensis, Geranium maculatum, Osmorhiza longistylis, Phryma leptostachya, Podophyllum peltatum and Symphyotrichum cordifolium (sagittifolium).
The most common five medicines used in the studies, Podophyllum, Arsenicum album, Sulphur, Chamomilla, and Calcarea carbonica, all in the 30 C potency, were used in 85% of cases in Nepal and 78% of Nicaraguan cases.
Several workers have reported the use of endophytes for the production of pacitaxel, camptothecin, podophyllotoxin, hypericin, and gentiopicrin isolated from the hosts Taxus cuspidata, Nothapodytes foe tida/Campto theca acuminata, Podophyllum peltatum, Hypericum perforatum, and Gentiana macrophylia, respectively, although there are no reports of successful industrial scale-ups (Zhao et al.
One traveler might have diarrhea that is gushing, that occurs after eating, with greenish stools, and a rumbling, gurgling abdomen, requiring Podophyllum (May apple).
The diversity of the endophytic fungi isolated from the underground stems of Podophyllum hexcmdrum (Royle) Ying and the selection of a valuable isolate.