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see orchidorchid,
popular name for members of the Orchidaceae, a family of perennial herbs widely distributed in both hemispheres. The unusually large family (of some 450 genera and an estimated 10,000 to 17,500 species) includes terrestrial, epiphytic (see epiphyte), and saprophytic
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Predator-prey relationships involving the American oyster, Crassostrea virginica, and the black drum, Pogonias cromis, in Mississippi Sound.
Nestled on an unassuming mountain slope, deep in the understory of the 2,700-acre Schunnemunk State Park in Orange County, lies one of the rarest plants in eastern North America: the small whorled pogonia (Isotria medeoloides).
Disparity between the feeding performance and predicted muscle strength in the pharyngeal musculature of black drum, Pogonias cromis (Sciaenidae).
2,415.0 Northern kingfish Menticirrhus saxatilis 177.8 Gafftopsail catfish Bagre marinus 1,990.7 Irridescent swimming crab Portunus gibbesii 8.7 Flounder (family) Bothidae 1,699.4 Bonnethead shark Sphyrna tiburo 1,252.0 Atlantic cutlassfish Trichiurus lepturus 1,225.5 Black drum Pogonias cromis 1,402.7 Blue crab Callinectes sapidus Weakfish Cynoscion regalis Atlantic bumper Chloroscombrus chrysurus 1,062.8 Sand perch Diplectrum formosum 953.4 Longspine swimming crab Portunus spinicarpus 4.5 Vermillion (B-liner) Rhomboplites aurorubens 893.2 snapper Left-eye flounder Syacium spp.
2002 1000 mm TL Sciaenops ocellutus 160,000-3,270,000 Wilson and 1550 mm TL Nieland 1994 Pogonias cromis 510,000-2,420,000 Nieland and 1700 mm TL Wilson 1993 Note: Bold type indicates southern California species indicated with #.
(12.) Elisa New's remarks about "Rose Pogonias" are resonant here.
In our field studies, higher seed oyster mortalities were observed in open cages compared with closed cages at MP and BG and were likely due to predation from blue crabs (Callinectes sapidus), stone crabs (Menippe adina), and black drums (Pogonias cromis) as evidenced by occasional crab, drum, and shell fragments in open cages lifted out of water during sampling (Fig.
Cynoscion striatus Isopisthus parvipinnis 8 135.3 0.049 Larimus breviceps 7 237.2 0.023 Macrodon atricauda Menticirrhus americanus 1 38.1 0.002 Menticirrhus littoralis 5 242.7 0.054 Micropogonias furnieri 32 1286.9 0.769 Paralonchunis 1 108.2 0.004 brasiliensis Pogonias cromis Slellifer rastrifer 176 9085.5 5.561 Slellifer slellifer 1 95.6 0.004 Umbrina coroides Scombridae Scomberomoms 2 104.0 0.005 brasiliensis Serranidae Diplectrum radiale 8 140.3 0.050 Rypticus randalli Sparidae Archosargus 11 1408.7 0.494 rhomboidalis Diplodus argenteus Sphyraenidae Sphyraena guachancho 8 91.6 0.020 Sphyraena sp.
Guaguanche Sphyraena guachancho Conger eel (family) Congridae Conger eel Conger oceanicus Bonnethead Sphyrna tiburo Black jack Caranx lugubris Black drum Pogonias cromis Bermuda chub Kyphosus sectatrix Yellowfln grouper Mycteroperca venenosa Yellow conger Hildebrandia flava Spotfin hogfish Bodianus pulchellus Southern puffer Sphoeroides nephelus Smooth butterfly ray Gymnura micrura Pufferfish (genus) Sphoeroides sp.