Pogost


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Pogost

 

(from the Old Russian pogostiti, “to be a guest”), originally, an inn used as temporary lodging by a prince, members of the clergy, and merchants igosti).

(1) A rural community and its center in the Russian state from the 11th to 18th centuries. The term gradually came to signify administrative territorial units, made up of a large number of villages, or their centers. With the conversion of Rus’ to Christianity, churches with cemeteries nearby were built in each pogost. The pogost was usually known by two names—that of the village itself and that of its church. Various obligations were frequently divided among the pogosty. The administrative units continued to exist until modern times in the northern districts of European Russia, where state and crown lands could still be found. Pogosty were officially abolished in 1775.

(2) Small settlements with a church and a cemetery in the central districts of the Russian state in the 15th and 16th centuries.

(3) In oral folk tradition and in the literature of the 19th and early 20th centuries, a cemetery, usually one in a rural area.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
In this vein, Lydia Ginzburg discusses the lengths to which Zabolotsky went to free "beautiful words" from their association with the "decayed culture" (istlevshaia kuVtura) of the pre-revolutionary epoch--for instance, enlivening such worn-out epithets as "pale hands" (blednye ruki) or a "bleak graveyard" (pogost unylyi) by placing them in the mouth of a bull, who pronounces an elegy to Khlebnikov in his 1929 poema "Triumph of Agriculture" ("Torzhestvo zemledeliia").
Obviously, the pogost boundaries were also of ethnic importance.
"Razumevanje bolecine: pogost motiv v opusu Borisa Pahorja." Trans.
In a press release, Note CEO and president Knut Pogost said, "The deal allows us to reduce our total assets, while also helping us lift our margins somewhat in the fourth quarter."--MB
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Took should have referred to the Russian term pogost (village), which was both a territorial unit and a socioeconomic community that contained several extended families, each of which inherited pasturage and fishing lands in common.
Nicholas Church in the hamlet of Padanskii pogost: V.
In 1721, the Semenov Monastery was returned to the status of a parish church in Semenov pogost; see Iliodor, Istorichesko-statisticheskoe opisanie, 82.
Konstantin Fedorovich Grigor'ev of the village of Pogost, Leningrad oblast, a Civil War and World War II veteran, was exasperated by Pasternak's unsympathetic portrayal of the soldier Pamfil Palykh who, in the novel, "hated the intelligentsia, the nobles, and the officers, without the slightest agitation, with ruthless, bestial hatred." (42) To this quotation, Grigor'ev responded: