Polarissima

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Polarissima

 

the provisional name given to a star that is near one of the celestial poles and, as a result, is visible for the entire night in the field of view of meridian instruments. Polarissimas are used to adjust and monitor the positions of meridian instruments. A number of stars are used as polarissimas.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
NGC 3172 (Polarissima) NGC 7731 & NGC 7732 (Zwicky's Pierced Galaxy) Shakbazian 84 Arp 13 (NGC 7448) NGC 7463, NGC 7464 & NGC 7465 Shakbazian 362 VV 84 (NGC 7433 galaxy group) Arp 284 2333+019 M77 NGC 1048 NGC 1049 Trapezium region of M42
Polarissima 4Q2000 West Coast Sextans 4Q2000 since 1999) Triangulum 4Q2000 Zwicky 4Q1997, 4Q2000 Investors Name ([dagger]) Name Location Interview Altair Andromeda Northern America Aquarius Finland 2 Carina Finland 1 Sunflower United Kingdom 1 Triangulum Central Europe 1 Three others Antares Capricorn Finland 2 Centaurus U.S.
He dubbed it "Polarissima" but later modified the nickname to "Polarissima Borealis" to distinguish it from "Polarissima Australis" (NGC 2573).
Through my 18-inch at 285x Polarissima Borealis appears as a pale patch about 0.4' in diameter, enveloping a brighter core.
NGC 3172 is a faint galaxy that derives its notoriety from being the closest NGC object to the north celestial pole, hence its moniker Polarissima Borealis.