Moreover, the Group has also announced that it has entered into a memorandum of understanding ("MOU") with Polaron
The values for Ti[O.sup.2] given in  vary from 0.17-0.25 eV for adiabatic polaron
transfer to 0.55-0.62 eV for non-adiabatic cases.
This behavior is enhanced by introducing Cu2+ ions by the hopping mechanism of small polarons
through different valence states of such a TM.
Study of polaron
transport mechanisms in two transition metal ions doped borophosphate glasses.
The spectrum is close to the spectrum excited with the 633 nm line; significant changes can be observed only in the group of bands connected with C~[N.sup.+*] stretching vibrations, where a band at 1377 [cm.sup.-1] connected with semiquinonoid rings with lower polaron
delocalization can be observed in addition to the delocalized polaron
band at 1335 [cm.sup.-1].
The peak on 1230 [cm.sup.-1] is caused by the polaron
formation on PANI structure.
Three characteristic absorption bands are observed in the spectra of pani at 269 nm, 368 nm and 618nm wavelength, n-Alpani composite had absorption peaks at 270 nm, 371 nm and 633nm which are attributed to [pi] -[[pi].sup.*]conjugated ring systems, polaron
-[[pi].sup.*] and [pi]-polaron benzenoid to quinoid excitonic transition respectively.
conductivity changing to the relation [sigma] indicate the increase of conductivity due to the increasing polarons
concentration, value of exponent S was found and values was in range (0.0536-0.579),these value indicated hoping process that's mean (polaron
hoping between polymer chains).
The mediation of Coulomb forces by transverse photons can be understood by analogy with the polaron
problem of Solid State Physics.
Spohn  investigates the upper and lower bound of the effective mass of the polaron
model from a functional integral point of view.
In the case of a disordered polymer, fullerene solar cell systems, the distance between electron and hole within the exciton or polaron
pair is known not to be constant throughout the device .
Triplet formation by non-geminate charge recombination of free-charge carriers that are created in ~0.2 ps implies the intermediacy of bound electron hole pairs (also called polaron