Pole of Cold


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Pole of Cold

 

a region with the lowest air temperature at the surface of the earth for a given hemisphere or the whole earth. In the northern hemisphere the poles of cold are located in Yakutia and Greenland. The poles in Yakutia are in Verk-hoiansk and Oimiakon. In Verkhoiansk an absolute minimum temperature of – 68°C has been observed, and in Oimiakon a temperature of – 68°C was recorded during a thaw period in 1933. It has been calculated that the temperature may drop to –71°C in the coldest years. Minimum temperatures close to these may be observed in other intermontane basins as well. Absolute minimum temperatures below – 65°C have been observed on the Greenland ice cap.

In the southern hemisphere the pole of cold is located in Eastern Antarctica at an elevation of approximately 3,500 m. Here the temperature reached an absolute minimum of – 88.3°C at Vostok Station, the coldest recorded air temperature at the surface of the earth. An absolute minimum temperature of - 86.2°C has been recorded at Plateau Station.

References in periodicals archive ?
The Pole of Cold expedition will feature Felicity Aston, who already has a number of Antarctic Expeditions under her belt, Gisli Jonsson, an expert mechanic in sub-zero temperatures, and Manu Palomeque, a filmmaker/photographer.
The intrepid explorers will trace the onset of winter across Europe to Siberia as far as the Pole of Cold, the coldest place in the northern hemisphere in North-East Russia.
The mission to the most frozen inhabited site on earth will be undertaken by a Solihull-made Defender following a JLR bursary grant of PS30,000 and loan of the 4x4 to a Pole of Cold Expedition.
com/), a never-before-seen collection of private photographs taken during the BIG HOUSE pilgrimage to the Pole of Cold.