Pole of Cold


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Pole of Cold

 

a region with the lowest air temperature at the surface of the earth for a given hemisphere or the whole earth. In the northern hemisphere the poles of cold are located in Yakutia and Greenland. The poles in Yakutia are in Verk-hoiansk and Oimiakon. In Verkhoiansk an absolute minimum temperature of – 68°C has been observed, and in Oimiakon a temperature of – 68°C was recorded during a thaw period in 1933. It has been calculated that the temperature may drop to –71°C in the coldest years. Minimum temperatures close to these may be observed in other intermontane basins as well. Absolute minimum temperatures below – 65°C have been observed on the Greenland ice cap.

In the southern hemisphere the pole of cold is located in Eastern Antarctica at an elevation of approximately 3,500 m. Here the temperature reached an absolute minimum of – 88.3°C at Vostok Station, the coldest recorded air temperature at the surface of the earth. An absolute minimum temperature of - 86.2°C has been recorded at Plateau Station.

References in periodicals archive ?
Upon our arrival in Oymyakon, we spotted the monument to the Pole of Cold.
The roads in the region around the Pole of Cold are in such a poor state of repair that in summer, they are all but impassable.
Felicity Aston and the members of the Pole of Cold team pursued winter across more than 36,000 kilometres of Eurasia, www.
The Pole of Cold expedition will feature Felicity Aston, who already has a number of Antarctic Expeditions under her belt, Gisli Jonsson, an expert mechanic in sub-zero temperatures, and Manu Palomeque, a filmmaker/photographer.
The intrepid explorers will trace the onset of winter across Europe to Siberia as far as the Pole of Cold, the coldest place in the northern hemisphere in North-East Russia.
The mission to the most frozen inhabited site on earth will be undertaken by a Solihull-made Defender following a JLR bursary grant of PS30,000 and loan of the 4x4 to a Pole of Cold Expedition.
This exhibition showcases sights, sounds and objects from the 30,000-kilometre, Pole of Cold Expedition, as the team (recipients of the 2013 Land Rover/ RGS-IBG bursary) chased the onset of winter across northern Europe and Siberia to the pole of cold--the coldest place in the Northern Hemisphere.
The Pole of Cold expedition's 110 is undergoing a few modifications for the Siberian winter, including the addition of engine heaters, double glazing, panel insulation and winter tyres.
Having been awarded a Land Rover Bursary by the RGS-IBG, Felicity Aston will be returning to Sakha in November as the leader of the Pole of Cold expedition (www.