Poliane

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Poliane

 

a tribal union of Eastern Slavs that inhabited the forest-steppe chernozem lands on both banks of the Dnieper River from Liubech to Rodnia and along the lower courses of the Ros’, Sula, Stugna, Teterev, Irpen’, Desna, and Pripiat’ rivers. The land of the Poliane lay in the middle of territories colonized by a number of Eastern Slavic tribes, including the Drevliane, Radimichi, Dregovichians, and Severiane; the river network of the land of the Poliane served to join the various tribes. The land of the Poliane was on the route running “from the Varangians to the Greeks,” an important trade route that connected northern Europe with the Black Sea area and Byzantium.

Plowing and crop cultivation reached a high level of development among the Poliane in the ninth and tenth centuries, as did various crafts, such as blacksmithing, casting, pottery, and jewelry-making. Population density was high, as shown by the thousands of kurgans (burial mounds) discovered by archaeologists. The Poliane lived in small families in dugouts and huts and wore homespun clothing and simple ornaments. Before Christianiza-tion, they cremated their dead and erected burial mounds over the remains.

The Poliane were subjugated by the Khazar Khanate in the ninth century and paid tribute to the Khanate. In the 860’s, the princes of the Poliane led their people in victorious campaigns against Byzantium, the Pechenegs, and their neighbors the Polo-chane. The land of the Poliane was taken by Prince Oleg of Novgorod in the 880’s and became the nucleus of the early Russian state. The largest towns of the Poliane were Kiev, Pe-reiaslavl’-Russkii, Rodnia, Vyshgorod, Belgorod, and Kanev. The independent principalities of Kiev, Chernigov, and Pereia-slavl’ emerged in this area during the period of feudal fragmentation. The term “Poliane” was no longer used by the tenth century and was replaced by “Rus’.” The chronicles last mention the Poliane in the year 944.

REFERENCES

Rybakov, B. A. “Poliane i severiane.” In the collection Sovetskaia etnografiia, nos. 6–7. Moscow, 1947.
Tret’iakov, P. N. Vostochnoslavianskie plemena, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1953.
Rusanova, I. P. Kurgany polian X-XII vv. Moscow, 1966.
Mezentseva, H. H. Kanivs’ke poselennia polian. Kiev, 1965.

O. M. RAPOV

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Karen Christie Gomes Lima (1), Sergio Luiz Galan Ribeiro (2) Camila Oliveira de Moura Cabral (2), Poliane Dutra Alvares (1) Norma Teotonio Rodrigues (3), Christian Emmanuel Torres Cabido (1) Marcos Antonio Pereira dos Santos (2)
The writer could not invent a single tribal name for the population of Novgorod, so they were only "Slavs." The citizenry of Kiev were assigned the same name as the people of Poland--that is, poliane, a term that was supposed to mean people living in open fields--although they were living in the high hills of Kiev and the surrounding woods.
Effects of several pesticides have been reported against predatory mites in different agricultural systems (Damalas and Eleftherohorinos, 2011; Lamberth et al., 2013; Poliane et al., 2014).
Ricardo Martins Araujo Pinho (I)* Edson Mauro Santos (I) Juliana Silva de Oliveira (I) Higor Fabio Carvalho Bezerra (I) Poliane Meire Dias de Freitas (II) Alexandre Fernandes Perazzo (II) Rosangela Claurenia da Silva Ramos (I) Ana Paula Gomes da Silva (I)
POLIANE BARBOSA SAMPAIO *, ADELMO INACIO BERTOLDE **, ETHEL LEONOR NOIA MACIEL * & ELIANA ZANDONADE *
Fernanda Caroline Braga Pereira (1), Poliane Cristina de Lima Aarao (2), Karoline Lopes Seixas (3), Hildineia das Gracas Silva (4), Amanda Pereira Nunes Tavares (5), Fernanda Rodrigues Campos (6), Stela Maris Aguiar Lemos (7), Ana Cristina Cortes Gama (8)
Jimmy leaves his wife, Maria deLourdes Galvin; son, Michael Canterino and his wife Fabiana; daughter, Poliane Canterino of Worcester; brothers, Jerome Galvin and wife Elaine of Rutland, John Galvin and wife Beverly of Auburn, Joseph and wife Kathy of Oxford; nieces and nephews, John, Stephanie, Michael, Brian and his wife Christina, Courtney and her fiance Dave, and Patrick Galvin, Scott and Christopher Johnson; cousins, and many friends including his best friend, his dog Nicky.
Ebson Pereira Candido (I) Edson Mauro Santos (III) Joao Paulo de Farias Ramos (II) * Juliana Silva de Oliveira (II) Ricardo Martins Araujo Pinho (III) Alexandre Fernandes Perazzo (IV) Rosangela Claurenia da Silva Ramos (III) Poliane Meire Dias de Freitas (IV)
Poliane Dutra Alvares (1) Andrea Dias Reis (2) Renata Rodrigues Diniz (3) Francileia Andrade Lima (3) Maisa Carvalho Rezende Soares (4) Guilherme Borges Pereira (5)
Littleton: Lauren Coffey, Jocelyn Cousins, Siobhan Kelly and Poliane Oliveira.