Athena

(redirected from Polias)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.

Athena

(əthē`nə), or

Pallas Athena

(păl`əs), in Greek religion and mythology, one of the most important Olympian deities. According to myth, after Zeus seduced Metis he learned that any son she bore would overthrow him, so he swallowed her alive. Later Hephaestus split Zeus' skull with an ax, and out sprang Athena, fully armed. Athena was a deity of diverse functions and attributes. Her most conspicuous role was perhaps that of a goddess of war, the female counterpart of Ares. However, she was also a goddess of peace, noted for her compassion and generosity. Like Minerva, with whom the Romans identified her, she was a patron of the arts and crafts, especially spinning and weaving. In later times she was important as a goddess of wisdom. Athena was also a guardian of cities, notably Athens, where the Parthenon was erected as her temple. In a contest with Poseidon concerning dominion over Attica, Athena made an olive tree grow on the Acropolis while Poseidon caused a saltwater stream to gush from the Acropolis. The other Olympians, asked to judge the contest, decided in favor of Athena. Her statue, the PalladiumPalladium
, in Greek religion, sacred image kept in the temple of Athena at Troy. It was either an image of Athena or an image made by Athena of her unfortunate playmate Pallas (see Pallas (1)).
..... Click the link for more information.
, was supposed to protect the city that possessed it. It was said that because she accidentally killed PallasPallas
, in classical mythology. 1 Name given to Athena after she killed either a youthful playmate named Pallas or, in some legends, the giant Pallas. 2 Goatish giant killed by Athena when he tried to rape her.
..... Click the link for more information.
 she set the name Pallas before her own. Although a virgin goddess, she was concerned with fertility, and at Athens and Elis her worship was notably maternal. Athena is represented in art as a stately figure, armored, and wielding the aegisaegis
, in Greek mythology, weapon of Zeus and Athena. It possessed the power to terrify and disperse the enemy or to protect friends. The aegis was usually described as a garment made of goatskin slung over the shoulder or as a piece of armor.
..... Click the link for more information.
. Her most important festival was the Panathenaea, which was celebrated annually at Athens. It included athletic and musical contests, poetic recitations, and sacrifices. At the end of the festivities a grand procession carried a richly embroidered peplos to the Acropolis as a present to Athena.

Athena

sprang from the head of Zeus when Hephaestus split it open with an axe. [Gk. Myth.: Benét, 60]

Athena

(Rom. Minerva) protector of craftsmen. [Gk. Myth.: Kravitz, 67]

Athena

assumes Mentor’s form to persuade Telemachus to search for his father. [Gk. Lit.: Odyssey]

Athena

Athens’ patroness; goddess of war and fecundity. [Gk. Myth.: Parrinder, 33; Kravitz, 40]

Athena

goddess of spinning and weaving. [Gk. Myth.: Howe, 45]

Athena

goddess who had no love affairs and never married, called Parthenos, ‘the Virgin.’ [Gk. Myth.: Benét, 60]

Athena

(Rom. Minerva) goddess of war. [Gk. Myth.: Howe, 44]
See: War

Athena (Rom. Minerva)

goddess of wisdom. [Gk. and Rom. Myth.: Brewer Dictionary, 713]
See: Wisdom

Athena

, Athene
Greek myth a virgin goddess of wisdom, practical skills, and prudent warfare. She was born, fully armed, from the head of Zeus

Athena

References in periodicals archive ?
Realizaram-se, para avaliacao do desempenho do descarocador de 20 serras, testes com o intuito de se estabelecer a velocidade de trabalho em funcao das polias e ajustar o posicionamento do dispositivo para regulagem da quantidade de linter, variando ao posicionamento e ao tamanho da amostra que alimenta a maquina.
A rotacao das serras foi alterada mediante a substituicao da polia do motor que aciona o descarocador de 20 serras, utilizando-se as polias de 70, 80 e 100 mm de diametro para obtencao das rotacoes de 304, 344 e 429 rpm, respectivamente.
We must also resist the attempt to infer from the probable presence of Athena Polias on the lead sacrificial calendar, SEG XXXII 359, that the Archaic temple on Temple Hill was consecrated to this goddess.
The most egalitarian view of all is perhaps that expressed by Martha, who finds it necessary to employ a priori arguments in order to establish that the priestess of Athena Polias did not slaughter with her own hand all the victims consumed at the Panathenaia.
Dare and Polias (2004) advise, 'Colour coding is a very important factor in helping students understand how these groupings work'.
In these contexts the Teaching Learning Cycle has proved a powerful resource for scaffolding literacy development, with numerous published units of work documenting and/or guiding its implementation (Burns, 1990; Gibbons, 2002; Dare & Polias, 2001; Hammond & Gibbons, 2001; Humphrey, 1996; Martin, 1999).
Cita-se, dentre as principais maquinas, o Desintegrador/ Picador/Moedor (DPM), que pode ser acionado por motores estacionarios (eletricos, de combustao interna diesel ou gasolina), por intermedio de correias, polias ou, ainda, por tratores via Tomada de Potencia (TDP).
In the mid-fifth century there were at least forty 'Other Gods' supported financially by the state in addition to Athena Polias, the chief state cult, and Demeter and Kore (Persephone), the two goddesses of the Eleusinian Mysteries.
Other key language features include knowing about nominalisation, appropriate conjunctions and the use of causal elements (Custance, Dare, Polias, 2011, pp.
Christie and Macken-Horarik, 2007; Dare and Polias, 2004; Hammond, 1990; Macken-Horarik, 2002; Martin, 1985).
My students were familiar with the concept of language choices represented on a continuum, using the three facets of register, or context of situation, as explicated by Dare and Polias (2004, pp.
A number of professional development programs for teachers have incorporated the explicit teaching of functional grammar and genre to provide such a metalanguage (National Professional Development Program 1997, Polias 1998).