Polignac, Yolande Martine Gabrielle de Polastron, duchesse de

Polignac, Yolande Martine Gabrielle de Polastron, duchesse de

(yôläNd` märtēn` gäbrēĕl` də pôlästôN` düshĕs` də pôlēnyäk`), c.1749–1793, favorite of Queen Marie Antoinette of France. Her husband, Jules, comte de Polignac, was created duke and acquired a huge fortune through her favor with the queen. Fearing the hatred of the revolutionaries, she emigrated in 1789 and died in Vienna. She was the mother of Jules Armand de PolignacPolignac, Jules Armand, prince de
, 1780–1847, French statesman. Belonging to one of the oldest families of France, he emigrated with them during the French Revolution. Under Napoleon I he was imprisoned (1804–14) for his part in the conspiracy of Georges Cadoudal.
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