Polish Academy of Sciences

(redirected from Polish Academy of Science)

Polish Academy of Sciences

 

(PAN, Polska Aka-demia Nauk), the highest scientific institution in the Polish People’s Republic. It was founded in Warsaw in 1952 by a decree of the Sejm (parliament) in accordance with a proposal made by the First Congress of Polish Science in 1951. PAN drew upon the experience and achievements of the Polish Academy of Learning (Polska Akademia Umiejętności), founded in Kraków in 1873 and called the Academy of Learning prior to 1919, as well as of the Warsaw Scientific Society, founded in 1907. PAN is an association of Poland’s leading scientists, a research center, and the agency responsible for the centralized planning and supervision of scientific work in Poland.

As of 1974, PAN had 289 members and corresponding members and 91 foreign members, including 17 Soviet scientists. The academy comprises six divisions: the social sciences; the biological sciences; the mathematical, physical, chemical, geological and geographical sciences; the technical sciences; the agricultural and forestry sciences; and the medical sciences. These six divisions include 101 scientific committees in the various disciplines. PAN supervises the work of 63 regional and specialized scientific societies, with a membership of more than 58,000.

The academy operates 66 scientific institutions, among them institutes of philosophy and sociology, history, literary research, the study of the socialist countries, organization and management, the history of science and technology, biochemistry and biophysics, experimental biology, nature conservation, physical chemistry, organic chemistry, physics, mathematics, geography, water resources, fundamental technological research, immunology, and experimental medicine. It also maintains a museum of the earth.

PAN’s publishing house issues books (more than 100,000 printer’s sheets annually) and some 200 scholarly journals. Since 1968, PAN has operated the General Lecturing Bureau, which organizes public lectures in Warsaw, Kraków, and Katowice by PAN members on the most recent scientific achievements. PAN has branches in Kraków, Wroclaw, Poznań, and Katowice, coordinating councils in Gdań sk and Łódź, and scientific offices in Paris and Rome. The academy has been expanding its international ties and currently belongs to 125 scientific associations, commissions, and other organizations. PAN maintains particularly close relations with the Academy of Sciences of the USSR. Its press organ is the journal Nauka Polska (Russian edition, Zhurnal Pol’skoi Akademii Nauk).

REFERENCE

Polska Akademia Nauk w liczbach 1966–1975. Warsaw, 1974.

B. SUCHODOLSKI

References in periodicals archive ?
It is our privilege to publish this work in Poland" said Janusz Krzyzowski, head of IPCC, to the audience which included several well-known polish intellectuals from Polish Academy of Science, Colegium Civitas, Ibn Khaldun Institute in Warsaw and others.
Hans Joachim Kupka earned his PhD in Laser Physics at the Technical University of Wroclaw and from 1968 he researched at the Institute for Low Temperature and Structure Research at the Polish Academy of Science.
Wrobel (philosophy, Polish academy of Science and the U.
7 billion and PLN 129 million, respectively gave it the first place in the ranking of the Institutes of Economic Sciences of the Polish Academy of Science, in the category: Infrastructure Company.
Engelking (philosophy and sociology, Polish Academy of Science, Warsaw) finds in Poland a feeling of common historical responsibility and moral heritage regarding the Holocaust.
On the initiative of the Warsaw Monument Conservator, the representatives of the Polin Museum, the Jewish Historical Institute, the Polish Academy of Sciences, the Museum of Warsaw and the Voivodship Monument Conservator met last week to discuss including the Warsaw Ghetto area in the communal record of monuments, naming it a protected archaeological site.
Professor Jerzy Zdanowski of the Polish Academy of Sciences was one of the first students who studied Arabic in Kuwait.
Gasparski is a retired faculty member of the Polish Academy of Sciences, and Kozminski University in Poland.
Institute of Physical Chemistry of the Polish Academy of Sciences have apparently come up with a way to synthesize krypton oxide -- the first binary compound of krypton and oxygen.
Its mining industry is governed by the Ministry of Environment including the State Mining Authority and other State Institutes such as State Mining Authority, Polish Geological Institute Central Mining Institute and the Institute of Minerals and Energy, Polish Academy of Sciences.
Gorny (history, Polish Academy of Sciences in Warsaw) relates how historians, in essence, stole part of their historiography from the Soviets; they had no other option.
The workshop held under the auspices the Section of the Geodynamics of the Committee of Geodesy, Polish Academy of Sciences and the Czech Centre for Earths Dynamic Research.

Full browser ?