Polish Corridor

Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.
Related to Polish Corridor: Rhineland, East Prussia, Sudetenland

Polish Corridor,

strip of German territory awarded to newly independent Poland by the Treaty of Versailles in 1919. The strip, 20 to 70 mi (32–112 km) wide, gave Poland access to the Baltic Sea. It contained the lower course of the Vistula, except the area constituting the Free City of Danzig (see GdańskGdańsk
, formerly Danzig
, city (1993 est. pop. 466,700), capital of Pomorskie prov., N Poland, on a branch of the Vistula and on the Gulf of Gdańsk. One of the chief Polish ports on the Baltic Sea, it is a leading industrial and communications center.
..... Click the link for more information.
) and the towns of Toruń, Grudziąz, and Bydogoszcz. Gdynia was developed as Poland's chief port and came to rival the port of Danzig. Free German transit was permitted across the corridor, which separated East Prussia from the rest of Germany. Although the territory had once formed part of Polish PomeraniaPomerania
, region of N central Europe, extending along the Baltic Sea from a line W of Stralsund, Germany, to the Vistula River in Poland. From 1919 to 1939, Pomerania was divided among Germany, Poland, and the Free City of Danzig (Gdańsk).
..... Click the link for more information.
, a large minority of the population was German-speaking. The arrangement caused chronic friction between Poland and Germany. In Mar., 1939, Germany demanded the cession of Danzig and the creation of an extraterritorial German corridor across the Polish Corridor. Poland rejected these demands and obtained a French and British guarantee against aggression. On Sept. 1, 1939, the Polish-German crisis culminated in the German invasion of Poland and World War II.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Polish Corridor


(the Danzig Corridor), a term used in historiography between 1919 and 1945 to designate a strip of land that was obtained by Poland under the Treaty of Versailles of 1919 and that gave it access to the Baltic Sea. It ended in a narrow strip of seacoast and was only 71 km long; the width of the corridor did not exceed 200 km and was 30 km in the narrowest place.

By retaining under its authority Polish lands east and west of the corridor, Germany controlled Poland’s outlet to the sea. In 1938 the government of fascist Germany outlined a plan whereby Germany would annex Gdańsk (the “Free City of Danzig” under the administration of the League of Nations) and be granted east-west extraterritorial transportation routes through the corridor. Under pressure from the popular masses, the Polish government refused to give in to the pretensions of the German imperialists, which served as a pretext for fascist Germany’s attack on Poland on Sept. 1, 1939.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Polish Corridor

the strip of land through E Pomerania providing Poland with access to the sea (1919--39), given to her in 1919 in the Treaty of Versailles, and separating East Prussia from the rest of Germany. It is now part of Poland
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
British Foreign Secretary Austen Chamberlain, the half-brother of future British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain and winner of the Nobel Peace Prize for the Locarno pact, said of the Polish Corridor that it was a creation "for which no British Government ever will and ever can risk the bones of a British Grenadier."
The Polish Corridor, which had cut off East Prussia from the rest of Germany since the Versailles Treaty of 1919, had long been presented as a casus belli by the Nazis, as was the reabsorption into the Reich of the ethnically German Baltic port of Danzig, but as Hitler had told a conference of generals in May 1939:
The threeyear-old easily beat Polish Corridor by four lengths at Ripon before finishing fourth of 23 to Balakeri in a hot Newmarket handicap.
Sikorski would have had a vital role to play in any such negotiations, especially as the Polish corridor and Danzig had been the casus belli of the whole war.
ALTHOUGH only sixth, Polish Corridor ran as well as he ever has in a hot handicap at Doncaster recently and ought to put up a big show in the Dalby Screw-Driver Rated Handicap (3.35) at Pontefract.
The Bell Inn Bar struck with Ring Of Destiny at 10-1, while Lawford Legion X and Fillongley Cricket sided with Polish Corridor, a 7-1 winner.
Polish Corridor and Chantress are out to follow up recent wins at Kempton and Chester, while Silvaline is on a hat-trick after victories at Goodwood and Yarmouth.
He followed up by defying his 6lb penalty to beat Polish Corridor at Redcar, and did not get much luck in running when third to The Persuader at York on his last start.
The John Dunlop-trained three-yearold easily beat Polish Corridor by four lengths at Ripon before finishing fourth of 23 to Balakeri in a hot Newmarket handicap.
The 2-1 favourite came right away in the closing stages to score by four lengths from Polish Corridor for jockey Pat Eddery and trainer John Dunlop.
Kempton: 2.00 Polish Corridor, 3.40 Undeterred, 5.20 Altitude Dancer.
Newmarket: 5.50 Polish Corridor, 6.50 Only One Legend.

Full browser ?