Armia Krajowa

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Armia Krajowa


(literally Home Army), the Polish national military organization active during 1942–45 in Poland during the occupation by the German fascists; it was under the authority of the Polish government-in-exile in London.

Armia Krajowa was formed on the basis of the underground organization of the Union for Armed Struggle (formed in January 1940). The army was composed of part of the People’s Military Organization; Peasant Battalions (the military organization created in late 1940-early 1941 and whose main cadres were members of the peasant youth organization Wici); military detachments of the right wing of the Polish Socialist Party; and other illegal military organizations of the political center supporting the government-in-exile. The major aim of the leaders of the Home Army was the restoration of the Polish bourgeois state with the support of Great Britain and the USA.

The contradictions between the patriotic aspirations of the rank-and-file members of the Home Army and the objectives of its leaders became sharply pronounced in the course of the Warsaw Uprising of 1944 instigated by the command of the army. In January 1945 the government-in-exile dissolved Armia Krajowa, creating from its most reactionary segments the underground terrorist organization Freedom and Resistance, which struggled against popular power. In 1947, the organization was destroyed by the organs of state security of the People’s Republic of Poland.

References in periodicals archive ?
The Nazis brutally crushed the Warsaw uprising, slaughtering more than 15,000 rebels who were led by the Polish Home Army.
Dobbs points out that the Soviets had legitimate grievances against the Polish Home Army, which continued to harass the Red Army after it had conquered Poland.
Yet even the Ghetto uprising, with its awful toll of almost 60,000 dead, was less devastating than the general military uprising by the underground Polish Home Army one year later.
There is evidence that the unit took part in the brutal suppression of the 1944 Warsaw Uprising, fighting the nationalist Polish Home Army as it sought to rid the city of its Nazi occupiers.
Stanislaw Sosabowski, its avowed mission was to support the Polish Home Army in Warsaw at the moment of their uprising against Nazi occupation.
He eventually escaped from the camp to join the Polish Home Army and fight against the Soviet occupation of Poland at the end of the Second World War.
Billboards around the capital promoting the concert have been defaced with the sign of the Polish Home Army, which was the largest underground army in Nazi-occupied Europe.
Smuggling rose to such a level the Polish Home Army had to organize a barrel manufacturing line to make use of all the parts kits they received.
Mr Cywinski was wounded during the 63-day struggle in 1944 between the poorly armed Polish Home Army and the German Wehrmacht.
The problems faced by these former Polish Home Army soldiers were not unique; across Eastern Europe, the new governments that emerged in the years following 1989 faced the difficult task of creating new post-Communist national identities.
Opening papers "rethink" the Holocaust, discussing such topics as blood and the discourses of Nazi anti-Semitism; regional aspects of the Holocaust in Hungary, Romania, and Slovakia; the attitude of the Polish Home Army towards Jews during the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising, and Jewish resistance and Soviet internationalism in Minsk during the Second World War.
The uprising was a struggle by the Polish Home Army to liberate the city from Nazi German occupation.

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