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the former central policy-making and governing body of the Communist party of the Soviet Union and, with minor variations, of other Communist parties. It was first created on the eve of the Bolshevik revolution in Russia in 1917, but it did not become fully functional until the Eighth Party Congress in Mar., 1919. Nominally elected by the central committee to direct the party between the committee's plenary sessions, the politburo, in reality, governed the country. The size of the politburo in the Soviet Union varied; from 1952 until 1966 it was called the presidium.
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1. the executive and policy-making committee of a Communist Party
2. the supreme policy-making authority in most Communist countries
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
See Anderson et al., Stenogrammy zasedanii Politbiuro, 1:334.
(33) "The goals are different," an unidentified Politburo member was quick to interject when Kalinin reminded his colleagues that that was, in practice, what they were doing (Anderson et al., Stenogrammy zasedanii Politbiuro, 1:616).
Khlevniuk, Politbiuro: Mekhanizmy politicheskoi vlasti v 1930-e gody (Moscow: ROSSPEN, 1996), recently published in English as Master of the House: Stalin and His Inner Circle (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2009); E.
See also Khlevniuk et al., eds., Stalinskoe Politbiuro v 30-e gody: Sbornik dokurnentov (Moscow: AIRO-XX, 1995).
Dokumenty Prezidiuma (Politbiuro) TsK KPSS i drugie materialy, 3 vols.
Khlevniuk et al., eds., Politbiuro TsK VKP(b) i Sorer Ministrov SSSR 1945-1953 (Moscow: ROSSPEN, 2002); A.
Khlevniuk, Politbiuro: Mekhanizmy politicheskoi vlasti v 1930-e gody (Moscow: ROSSPEN, 1996); Yoram Gorlizki and Khlevniuk, Cold Peace: Stalin and the Soviet Ruling Circle, 1945-1953 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004).