politburo

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politburo,

the former central policy-making and governing body of the Communist party of the Soviet Union and, with minor variations, of other Communist parties. It was first created on the eve of the Bolshevik revolution in Russia in 1917, but it did not become fully functional until the Eighth Party Congress in Mar., 1919. Nominally elected by the central committee to direct the party between the committee's plenary sessions, the politburo, in reality, governed the country. The size of the politburo in the Soviet Union varied; from 1952 until 1966 it was called the presidium.

Politburo

1. the executive and policy-making committee of a Communist Party
2. the supreme policy-making authority in most Communist countries
References in periodicals archive ?
28) Oleg Ken and Aleksandr Rupasov, Politbiuro TsK VKP(b) i omosheniia SSSR s zapadnymi sosednimi gosudarstvami, 1:1928-1934 (St.
Vatlin, "Risunki dlia svoikh: Zritel' nye obrazy kak argument v rabote Politbiuro nachala 1930-kh gg.
50) "Postanovlenie Politbiuro TsK VKP(b) 'O vypuske na ekran zagranichnykh kinofil'mov iz trofeinogo fonda'" (31 August 1948), in Vlast" i khudozhestvennaia intelligentsiia: Dokumenty TsK RKP(b)--VKP(b), VChK--OGPU NKVD o kul'turnoi politike, 1917-1953gg.
Stalinskoe Politbiuro v 30-e gody: Sbornik dokurnentov (Moscow: AIRO-XX, 1995).