political action committee

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political action committee

(PAC), U.S. organization formed by a corporation, labor union, or association to raise money for political activity. Funds can be gathered by voluntary contributions from members, employees, or shareholders. Political action committees were first organized in the 1940s. The Political Action Committee organized by the Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO) in 1943 was a model for later PACs. The election reform of 1974 limited individual campaign contributions and set guidelines for PACs; a Supreme Court ruling in 2010 ended restrictions on their funding. Many PACs represent special-interest groups, e.g., the National Rifle Association of America; others represent large conservative or liberal coalitions. Others are aligned with individual political campaigns, though their efforts cannot be coordinated with those of the candidate's campaign. Many PACs have directed their contributions toward congressional elections, in which they can contribute up to $5,000 to a candidate for each campaign (primary, runoff, and general election). Some, however, conduct independent negative campaigns against candidates they oppose, both in primary and general elections. Federal legislation enacted in 2002 barred attacks on candidates by name immediately before an election, but that rule was eased by a Supreme Court decision in 2007. Since the Court decision of 2010 that eased fund-raising restrictions on PACs, groups known as super PACs have arisen; these seek large, unlimited donations, often from a few wealthy contributors, and have tended to work for the election of a specific candidate.
References in periodicals archive ?
I call on Hamas and all Palestinian factions to play a natural role in fighting terrorism and combating the appearance of any cell in the camps," said Hasan Mneimneh, expressing his full support for a political committee to work in coordination with the joint security force and the Lebanese government.
If the Political Committee of Nabucco rejects the idea, Bulgaria will pay for its gas link with Turkey, but will use it for its own emergency needs.
Under Oregon law, it is illegal to use undue influence, defined to include the loss of employment, to induce a contribution to a political committee.
4/6 ED BALLS 20/1 Ed Miliband won 24 nominat ions ye s t erd ay f rom Unite's political committee, Andy Burnham and Ed Balls were tied with four nominations, and David Miliband and Diane Abbott received one each.
Bosses at Unite are expected to rubberstamp the decision of the union's political committee tomorrow before Ed Miliband is recommended to the one million members affiliated to the Labour Party.
org, which still has not incorporated and has not yet raised any funds, asked the FEC in November 2007 for an advisory ruling on whether it must register as a political committee.
Paul O'Shea, the union's Wales Secretary, said: "It was the clear decision of our political committee that our endorsement should go to Carwyn.
Paul O'Shea, the union's Wales secretary, said: "It was the clear decision of our political committee that our endorsement should go to Carwyn - he has always been a strong supporter of Welsh public services and hopefully he will be able to carry that forward as the leader of Welsh Labour and First Minister.
On 13 October 2009, a meeting between the Republic of Macedonia and the NATO Senior Political Committee (enhanced) took place at the NATO headquarters in Brussels.
IRELAND'S future in Europe is to be explored by a crossparty political committee, the Government announced yesterday.
An independent political committee called Working Californians spent more than $13,022 on consulting and mailers in support of Bric.
Hours later, the political committee of the Organisation of the Islamic Conference, the world's largest Islamic group, unanimously approved a resolution backing Iraq's interim government and calling for help in rebuilding the war-torn nation.