political culture


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political culture

the norms, beliefs and values within a political system. It is usually assumed that a particular political culture is built up as the result of a long historical development and that its distinctive character exerts a profound influence on the form and effectiveness, or otherwise, of the political system with which it is associated. The term is most associated with the systems approach (see POLITICAL SYSTEM) within political analysis, which was in vogue in the 1950s and 60s in the US (e.g. G. Almond and S. Verba, The Civic Culture, 1965). The approach has been of most value in stimulating cross-cultural comparative research on political cultures, e.g. Almond‘s distinction between ‘participatory’, ‘subject’ and ‘parochial’ political orientations within political cultures. One central assumption of political-culture theorists is that the particular civic culture underlying liberal democracies such as the UK and the US, a mixture of participatory orientations tempered by political DEFERENCE, has been both a cause and effect of the greater political stability and effectiveness of these systems compared with other systems. From a different theoretical perspective, however, political culture can also be seen as involving cultural and ideological HEGEMONY. In this context, rather than being a sign of political effectiveness, political culture's role may be viewed as a conservative force preventing a social transition to more favourable social and political arrangements, (see also CULTURE, POLITICAL SOCIALIZATION).
References in periodicals archive ?
The essays are grouped into three thematically distinct topical areas, focusing on Lincoln's essential role in shaping wartime political culture and discourse, his military leadership, and his skillful management of Union diplomacy.
Summary: Surat (Gujarat) [India], November 27 (ANI): Minister of State for the Ministry of Development of North Eastern Region Jitendra Singh on Monday said Congress vice-president Rahul Gandhi was trying to induce a political culture based on lies and hypocrisy into the nation.
He flayed the politics of agitation, saying the PML-N leadership was committed to changing the political culture of Pakistan from one of confrontation to that of serving the masses.
Talking to The Baltic Times, Agu Uudelepp, an Estonian political analyst, said that he sees the parties' failed attempts to find a compromise on candidacy of a new president in the parliament as "a bigger transformation in the political culture.
Mr Bradshaw, who served as culture secretary in the last Labour government, told the BBC that he hoped the death of Mrs Cox would lead to a "deeper reflection" about the political culture in the UK.
He posits that the main motivation behind the actions of the current Russian government is not just power alone, but the Russian political culture that defines its modus operandi in the international arena: Russia views international relations through the prism of its domestic policy and vice-versauits foreign policy actions are primarily directed toward its own constituencies.
Within the framework of the seminar titled "Development of Political Culture and Strengthening of Political Dialogue for Sustainable Democracy", MPs of VMRO-DPMNE and SDSM are confronting arguments at the European Parliament in Brussels on Monday and Tuesday for the first time since the Social Democrats commenced their boycott of the Macedonian Parliament.
The political culture understands showing respect on party congresses and events attendance by opponents, and also by political enemies.
The impressive aspects affected by media are culture and norms of a society in which the political culture is one of the cultural dimensions of media.
The aim of this project is to study the impact of the participation in trans-national online space on young people with migrant backgrounds in terms of their attitudes and behaviour in the host countries civil societies, and whether/how the youth transmit their perceptions of political culture and social activity based on their experiences in the host countries in this trans-national space.
The paper also analyzes the level of political culture in the country.
Disorderly Liberty: The Political Culture of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth in the Eighteenth Century (reprint, 2012)