political culture


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political culture

the norms, beliefs and values within a political system. It is usually assumed that a particular political culture is built up as the result of a long historical development and that its distinctive character exerts a profound influence on the form and effectiveness, or otherwise, of the political system with which it is associated. The term is most associated with the systems approach (see POLITICAL SYSTEM) within political analysis, which was in vogue in the 1950s and 60s in the US (e.g. G. Almond and S. Verba, The Civic Culture, 1965). The approach has been of most value in stimulating cross-cultural comparative research on political cultures, e.g. Almond‘s distinction between ‘participatory’, ‘subject’ and ‘parochial’ political orientations within political cultures. One central assumption of political-culture theorists is that the particular civic culture underlying liberal democracies such as the UK and the US, a mixture of participatory orientations tempered by political DEFERENCE, has been both a cause and effect of the greater political stability and effectiveness of these systems compared with other systems. From a different theoretical perspective, however, political culture can also be seen as involving cultural and ideological HEGEMONY. In this context, rather than being a sign of political effectiveness, political culture's role may be viewed as a conservative force preventing a social transition to more favourable social and political arrangements, (see also CULTURE, POLITICAL SOCIALIZATION).
References in periodicals archive ?
Political culture needs less marketing and more truthfulness and authenticity, said President Zuzana aputova as she accepted the European Prize for Political Culture on August 10 in Ascona, Switzerland.
Preap Kol, the executive director of Transparency International Cambodia, said his movement 'One Khmer World' which was created to promote a new political culture among people would not become a political party.
These concepts bring together the field of security and the area of political culture. If cooperation is not successful, it leads to conflict.
They are also hopeful that country will progress rapidly in changed political culture and will put the country on the path of progress and prosperity.
'Islam stresses elements of integrity, honesty and trustworthiness should be upheld in political culture, with the realisation that the judgment of our actions is not limited to our life in this world.
It is necessary for the politicians to move ahead in order to ensure transparency in political culture.'
The essays are grouped into three thematically distinct topical areas, focusing on Lincoln's essential role in shaping wartime political culture and discourse, his military leadership, and his skillful management of Union diplomacy.
Summary: Surat (Gujarat) [India], November 27 (ANI): Minister of State for the Ministry of Development of North Eastern Region Jitendra Singh on Monday said Congress vice-president Rahul Gandhi was trying to induce a political culture based on lies and hypocrisy into the nation.
Talking to The Baltic Times, Agu Uudelepp, an Estonian political analyst, said that he sees the parties' failed attempts to find a compromise on candidacy of a new president in the parliament as "a bigger transformation in the political culture."
Mr Bradshaw, who served as culture secretary in the last Labour government, told the BBC that he hoped the death of Mrs Cox would lead to a "deeper reflection" about the political culture in the UK.
Kamal's press conference has once again exposed the inherent flaw in Pakistan's political culture. We do remember the press statements of former Sindh Home Minister Zulfiqar Mirza.