activism

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activism

active involvement as a member of a POLITICAL PARTY, PRESSURE GROUP, or related political organization, e.g. a ‘trades union activist’. Theories and research concerned with political activism suggest that the tendency is for activists generally to be of higher social status, more socially confident and often better informed than most nonactivists. Levels of political activism also vary according to political circumstances. For example, in times of political crisis many people may be drawn into politics who would not normally be politically active. Some theorists, especially in POLITICAL SCIENCE (e.g. LIPSET, 1959), have suggested that in Western societies, in such circumstances, high levels of political activity and less informed participants may pose a threat to the 'S tability of democracy’. More generally, however, increased participation in politics by members of lower status minority groups (e.g. new URBAN SOCIAL MOVEMENTS) is regarded as a favourable development. See also POLITICAL PARTICIPATION, OPINION LEADERS, TWOSTEP FLOW IN MASS COMMUNICATIONS, STABLE DEMOCRACY, SOCIAL MOVEMENTS.
References in periodicals archive ?
A veteran political reformer and civil-rights supporter, defender of labor unions and family farms, and backer of single-payer health-care reform, Simon has proven that progressives can win in Illinois.
The initial chapter sketches Brennan's family background and his father's career as a labor and political reformer. The story in this chapter about how Brennan's father, as director of public safety in Newark, New Jersey, tried to control policc abuse, especially forced confessions, is noteworthy.
Such protests in the states of San Luis Potosi and Guanajuato two years ago effectively ended Salinas' honeymoon as a political reformer.
A judge and prophet, the religious and political reformer of early Israel, after whom are named two books of the Old Testament.
Secor relates the painful reflections of Saeed Hajjarian, a founding father of the Islamic Republic's dark intelligence ministry who became a dogged political reformer. "Hajjarian acknowledged that his tactic of building pressure from below while bargaining at the top had failed," she writes.
But before then, he became a congressman and senator, showing an unexpected and unheralded side to him as a social and political reformer, especially his championing of the cooperative movement.
It would also help if he realised that his long political career has not endowed him with the credentials or the credibility of being seen as some kind of a political reformer.
British political reformer. 1914: Jerry Siegel (deceased).
He is also the grandson of Hassan al-Banna who was an Egyptian social and political reformer, best known for founding the Muslim Brotherhood, one of the largest and most influential 20th century Muslim revivalist organizations.
Herath, an author, poet, dramatist, and political reformer from Sri Lanka, offers a detailed account of the entire process and assesses the strengths, weaknesses, and implications of the new electoral system.
These include the papal "honeymoon" when Pins IX temporarily impressed Britain's political leaders not as a symbol of reaction, but as a theological and political reformer who, as ruler of the Papal States, might help transform not only his own small realm, but also the entire Italian peninsula into a modern constitutional state.