Form of Government

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Form of Government


the way state authority is organized. A form of government is defined by its method of formation, the legal status of its higher bodies of authority, and the status of the head of state.

The main forms of government in exploitative states are the monarchy (seeMONARCHY) and the republic (see). Of these two, the republic is the most common form in contemporary bourgeois states, whether the government be parliamentary (as in Austria, Italy, Finland, the Federal Republic of Germany, and Switzerland) or presidential (as in Argentina, Brazil, Mexico, and the USA). A constitutional (parliamentary) monarchy exists in certain bourgeois states, such as Belgium, Great Britain, Denmark, the Netherlands, Norway, and Sweden. Countries that have been liberated from colonial dependency have almost all introduced a republican form of government.

All the socialist states have a republican form of government embodying the power of the working people.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Figures 1 and 2 show the estimated relationship between political regime changes (presidential administration and Fed chairmanship) and the nominal interest rate.
The report effectively evaluates the economic development of Pakistan in both the democratic and military rules and compares the financial progress in both the political regimes.
There is therefore an intertwined chain of campaigns that targets the symbols of the Lebanese entity, its political regime, as well as the constitutional procedures that govern itC*
"Since the political regime in Lebanon is based on religious foundations, consensual democracy remains the basis of governance in Lebanon because it reflects the spirit of the constitution and the essence of the national coexistence pact," the sayyed said.Aa
Answering a question on the political regime as scheduled by the draft Constitution, Marzouki said: "the key issue is to prevent the return of dictatorship, symbol of absolute power and thwart the hegemonic temptation of the ruling party."
He addresses issues of language and ethnic identity, Belarus's standing on major economic and social indicators; the nature of Belarus's relationship with Russia, the nature and popularity of the Belarus political regime; and mass attitudes towards Belarusian statehood and economy.
"The political proposals which have been inspired by some sides, and which bluntly encourage letting go off presidential elections and wasting time by calling on the people to elect a president over two rounds, all aim to alter the Lebanese political regime which the people have paid a great deal to get to mature," he said.
"Al-Joumhouri" party was absent from Monday's session, waiting to know the position of Ennahdha about the nature of the political regime. Al-Aridha also missed the meeting after announcing Sunday in a statement self dissolution in protest against "media and political exclusion."
Jumblatt addressed Lebanese to preserve that "Grand Lebanon region, notably the democracy and religious diversity therein, regardless of the flaws in political regime and away from the current fruitless, trivial, endless debates over the involvement in Syrian crisis issue and the weapons' and others, so as to avert the bad emerging threats which, if took effect, would not at all keep place for any political discussion."
CARTHAGE (TAP) - The dialogue of the political parties resumed, on Monday afternoon in Dar Dhiafa in Carthage, in the absence of Al-Joumhouri Party which suspended its participation pending the revelation of the position of the Ennahdha movement concerning the nature of the political regime.
His central finding is that differentiation in state-building trajectories is primarily driven by choice of political regime, whether authoritarian, democratic, or hybrid.
"The issue is related to the Syrians' meeting around a table of discussion to decide on the kind of political regime they wish to have, and on the future of Syria," noted al-Assad.