Form of Government

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Form of Government


the way state authority is organized. A form of government is defined by its method of formation, the legal status of its higher bodies of authority, and the status of the head of state.

The main forms of government in exploitative states are the monarchy (seeMONARCHY) and the republic (see). Of these two, the republic is the most common form in contemporary bourgeois states, whether the government be parliamentary (as in Austria, Italy, Finland, the Federal Republic of Germany, and Switzerland) or presidential (as in Argentina, Brazil, Mexico, and the USA). A constitutional (parliamentary) monarchy exists in certain bourgeois states, such as Belgium, Great Britain, Denmark, the Netherlands, Norway, and Sweden. Countries that have been liberated from colonial dependency have almost all introduced a republican form of government.

All the socialist states have a republican form of government embodying the power of the working people.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The data on Political Regimes (PR), proxied by Polity II, is collected from the Integrated Network for Societal Conflict Research (INSCR) Database, Centre for Systematic Peace.
I propose that history (particularly the extent of political regime experience embedded in the polity) plays a relevant role in forming expectations of political regime stability.
Finally, it is of interest to examine whether the responses to the inflation gap and the output gap may differ across political regimes. Using quarterly data from 1960Q1 to 1996Q4, Clarida, Gali, and Gertler (2000) have already shown that during the pre-Volcker years, the Fed in general adopted a "passive policy," which raised nominal interest rate by less than the increase in expected inflation.
They can opt for comparison between two countries considering the factor of political regime or else can also consider the factors of use of technology, foreign investment, trade, etc.
While the militaries of Algeria, Egypt, and Turkey have relinquished direct control over the ministries and agencies of the government, the political regimes of these countries have nevertheless remained military-dominated.
Starting from the explicative theoretical meaning, but also from the concrete aspects given by the social historical practice, a coup d'etat does not change the political regime, the contents of power, does not remove the class holding the power, but remove the group being in power with another belonging to the same social class or group.
There are many other possible political regimes, based on other sources of legitimacy.
This article suggests that cartoons deserve to be studied and this should be done by taking into account the type of political regimes, forms of media ownership and rules that govern the production of cartoons.
In the region of the Middle East it remains the case that despite the various political regimes, state control and censorship, coupling with increasingly public influence of religion retain supreme legitimacy in controlling women's voice; precisely since it is women who are perceived to potentially constitute a "moral" threat to the social fabric as a whole.
Political regimes were distinct, but the condition of marital status was a common denominator for social and public policy.