Adam Politzer

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Politzer, Adam


Born Oct. 1, 1835, in Albertirsa, Hungary; died Aug. 10, 1920, in Vienna. Austrian physician and one of the founders of otiatrics.

In 1859, Politzer graduated from the University of Jena. In 1861 a course in otiatrics was introduced at the University of Vienna on Politzer’s initiative. In 1870 he became the first professor of otiatrics in the world. In 1873 he organized a special ear clinic in Vienna, which he directed until the end of his life. His principal works were on the clinical treatment of cholesteatoma, chronic catarrh of the middle ear, and otosclerosis. Politzer developed a number of intra-aural operations of the auditory ossicles, and proposed a method of inflation of the ear, now called politzerization. He was the author of a unique manual of ear diseases (1878) and of the first work on the history of otolaryngology (1907–13). He created a school of otiatrists.


Preobrazhenskii, B. S. “Kratkii ocherk istorii otorinolaringologii.” In Mnogotomnoe rukovodstvo po otorinolaringologii, vol. 1. Edited by A. G. Likhachev. Moscow, 1960.
References in periodicals archive ?
Methods of managing middle ear effusion (MEE) have included (1) periodic observation during efforts to reduce environmental risk factors, (2) decongestants, (3) anti histamines, (4) corticosteroid therapy, (5) antimicrobial agents, (6) myringotomy with or without placement of tympanostomy tubes, (7) adenoidectomy with or without tonsillectomy, either alone or in combination with myringotomy with or without placement of tympanostomy tubes, and (8) insufflation of the eustachian tube/middle ear system by the Valsalva maneuver or the Politzer method.
The Politzer method involves inserting the tip of a rubber air bulb into a patient's nostril, simultaneously compressing the other nostril with a finger, and having the patient swallow as the rubber bulb is compressed.
This treatment is based on a modified Politzer method, and it is administered with the help of an automated device of the authors' own invention.