Polokwane


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Polokwane

(pō'lōkwän`ā), formerly

Pietersburg

(pē`tərzbûrg'), city and local municipality (2011 pop. 625,811), capital of Limpopo prov., NE South Africa. It is primarily the commercial center for the surrounding agricultural area. Iron and other minerals are mined nearby. Polokwane was founded as Pietersburg in 1884 and named for Petrus (Piet) Joubert, a BoerBoer
[Du.,=farmer], inhabitant of South Africa of Dutch or French Huguenot descent. Boers are also known as Afrikaners. They first settled (1652) near the Cape of Good Hope in what was formerly Cape Province.
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 (Afrikaner) general. In 1900 during the South African WarSouth African War
or Boer War,
1899–1902, war of the South African Republic (Transvaal) and the Orange Free State against Great Britain. Background
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 it was for a short time the capital of both the TransvaalTransvaal
, former province, NE South Africa. With the new constitution of 1994, it was divided into Eastern Transvaal (now Mpumalanga), Northern Transvaal (now Limpopo), Pretoria-Witwatersrand-Veereeniging (now Gauteng), and part of North West prov.
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 and the Orange Free State (see Free StateFree State,
formerly Orange Free State, province (2011 pop. 2,745,590), 50,126 sq mi (129,825 sq km), E central South Africa. It was renamed Free State shortly after the 1994 post-apartheid constitution went into effect.
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). It was occupied by British troops in 1901. The city was renamed Polokwane in 1994, but the old name has persisted in popular usage. Nearby are Kruger National Park and the Univ. of Limpopo.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/

Polokwane

a town in NE South Africa, the capital of Limpopo province: commercial and agricultural centre. Pop.: 90 398 (2001)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
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