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polonaise (pŏlˌənāzˈ, ōˌ–), Polish national dance, in moderate 3–4 time and of slow, stately movements. It evolved from peasant and court processions and ceremonies of the late 16th cent. and was later used by J. S. and W. F. Bach, Handel, Mozart, Beethoven, Schubert, and Liszt. Chopin, exiled from Poland, expressed his patriotic fervor in 13 polonaises.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(1) A stately, processional ballroom dance in ¾ time. Of folk origin, it became a court dance in France and other European countries in the 16th century. Examples are found in the suites and partitas of J. S. Bach and G. F. Handel and in works by W. A. Mozart, L. van Beethoven, C. M. Weber, and F. Schubert. The polonaise was extensively developed by F. Chopin. Other composers who wrote polonaises included M. K. Ogiński, O. A. Kozlovskii, K. Kurpiński, H. Wieniaw-ski, Z. Noskowski, and L. Rózycki. M. I. Glinka, N. A. Rimsky-Korsakov, P. I. Tchaikovsky, and other composers used the form in their operas.

(2) A stately instrumental or vocal dance-song in ¾ time. The composer Kozlovskii wrote polonaises, mainly to texts by G. R. Derzhavin, including Let the Thunder of Victory Resound.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


1. a ceremonial marchlike dance in three-four time from Poland
2. a piece of music composed for or in the rhythm of this dance
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
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Les entreprises polonaises importeront du Botswana des articles destines a la cuisine, des jeux de cables d'allumage et des pieces de machines.
d'autres pieces polonaises (Karlowicz, Paderewski, Perkowski, Roz ycki, Tansman).
Nous allons analyser la maniere dont les reperes spatiaux ont ete traites dans la traduction polonaise de <<Total kheops>>.
Il peut egalement admirerle mariage de gratte-ciel et d'espaces verts, la capitale polonaise regorge de parcs et d'arbres, une bouffee d'oxygene pour les Varsoviens en periode de canicule.
Le cas de l'ecrivain Jelica Belovic Bernadzikowska, serbe de par son pere, allemande de par sa mere et polonaise de par son mari, n'est qu'un des exemples les plus typiques ici analyses.
Selon le president de l'Association, Medhat Al Qissi, il s'agit d'une etude globale pour profiter de l'experience polonaise notamment dans le domaine de developpement des moyennes, petites et micro entreprises.
2" by Matthew Pavilanis, "Berceuse" by Asya Gulua, "Polonaise No.
Having studied in Poland with Andrzej Jasinski while researching the Polish folk elements in Chopin's Mazurkas and Polonaises, the presenter Kent McWilliams completed a D.M.A.
Even in his concluding and most overtly virtuosic display, Chopin's Andante Spianato et Grande Polonaise, Ax focused on passion and poetry than empty brilliance.
54, Polonaise in E flat major, Polonaise from the opera Rusalka
There remains the "Polish Question"--specifically, just how Polish the mazurkas and polonaises really are.