Polonnaruwa

(redirected from Polonnaruva)

Polonnaruwa:

see PollonarruaPollonarrua
or Polonnaruwa
, ruined ancient city, NE Sri Lanka. Pollonarrua, beautifully situated on a lake, was once the most splendid city of Sri Lanka. It became a royal residence in the mid-4th cent. and the capital after the fall (late 8th cent.) of Anuradhapura.
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Polonnaruwa

 

a settlement in northeastern Sri Lanka; it is situated near Anuradhapura. After the fall of Anuradhapura in the Middle Ages, Polonnaruwa became the capital of the second Sinhalese state and the center of Sinhalese civilization. The state flourished in the 12th century, at which time large temples and palaces were built in Polonnaruwa. With the decline of the second Sinhalese state in the 13th and 14th centuries, Polonnaruwa was abandoned.

Several monuments of the 12th century have been preserved, including the remains of palatial buildings, the shrine of Lan-katilaka with a brick statue of Buddha at the Buddhist Jetavana monastery complex, the sanctuary vatadage (circular relic-house) and the shrine of Satmahal Prasada on the grounds of the Buddhist monastery complex, and the stupas Rankot-dagoba and Kiri-dagoba. Also preserved is the cavern temple Gal Vihara, which has three colossal stone statues of Buddha and a stone statue of Buddha’s pupil Ananda; the shrine of Thuparama; and a statue of Parakramabahu I (undated, granite). Tourism is the main industry.

References in periodicals archive ?
His reign was followed by a period of utmost political instability resulting in the downfall of the Rajarata kingdom and the glory of the Polonnaruva royal capital.
In a clear and accessible introduction, Berkwitz contextualizes the composition of the Sinhala Thupavamsa in relation to wider Lankan developments in Sinhala devotional and historical literatures, the disintegration of strong polities based in the north-central city-states of Anuradhapura and Polonnaruva, and what he calls the "ethics of Buddhist historiography" (p.
A satisfactory 41 items will appear: from Art and Architecture of Ceylon, Polonnaruva Period to Bella Woolf's The Twins in Ceylon and Dorothy Fernando's Wild Flowers of Ceylon.