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see PollonarruaPollonarrua
or Polonnaruwa
, ruined ancient city, NE Sri Lanka. Pollonarrua, beautifully situated on a lake, was once the most splendid city of Sri Lanka. It became a royal residence in the mid-4th cent. and the capital after the fall (late 8th cent.) of Anuradhapura.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a settlement in northeastern Sri Lanka; it is situated near Anuradhapura. After the fall of Anuradhapura in the Middle Ages, Polonnaruwa became the capital of the second Sinhalese state and the center of Sinhalese civilization. The state flourished in the 12th century, at which time large temples and palaces were built in Polonnaruwa. With the decline of the second Sinhalese state in the 13th and 14th centuries, Polonnaruwa was abandoned.

Several monuments of the 12th century have been preserved, including the remains of palatial buildings, the shrine of Lan-katilaka with a brick statue of Buddha at the Buddhist Jetavana monastery complex, the sanctuary vatadage (circular relic-house) and the shrine of Satmahal Prasada on the grounds of the Buddhist monastery complex, and the stupas Rankot-dagoba and Kiri-dagoba. Also preserved is the cavern temple Gal Vihara, which has three colossal stone statues of Buddha and a stone statue of Buddha’s pupil Ananda; the shrine of Thuparama; and a statue of Parakramabahu I (undated, granite). Tourism is the main industry.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Administrative Districts of Kandy, Matale, Nuwara Eliya, Kilinochchi, Vavuniya, Kurunegala, Anuradhapura, Polonnaruwa, Badulla, Monaragala, Ratnapura, Kegalle.
President Maithripala Sirisena today instructed officials to ensure construction work on the China Sri Lanka Friendship Nephrology hospital in Polonnaruwa is completed on time.
In Sri Lanka, two ancient cities have always been-unfairly-compared: Anuradhapura and Polonnaruwa. The former is the first capital of Ceylon, while the second became its immediate successor.
While addressing the International Family Health Services Day Ceremony held at Polonnaruwa Royal College on Saturday, President Sirisena gave these pledges.
He also informed that a high-level experts' team would soon visit Sri Lanka to carry out feasibility report regarding establishment of dairy farm at Polonnaruwa.
The book is about a passionately committed surgeon's life from student days, qualifying as a surgeon in England at his own expense, volunteering and serving in neglected and backward Polonnaruwa, challenging war time service in Jaffna, and 'boring' peace time service in the Gampaha Hospital, (where ironically he had again to bring succour to victims of a of LTTE terrorist bomb near the Police station), National (General) and Sri Jayewardenepura hospitals.
Subsequently, expositions were held in Gampaha (May 25-26), Kurunegala (May 27-28), Kalutara (May 29-June 1st), Ratnapura (June 2-3), Galle (June 04-05), Matara (June 06-07), Hambantota (June 08-09), Moneragala (June 10-11), Badulla (June 12-13), Ampara (June 14-15), Polonnaruwa (June 16-17), Anuradhapura (June 18-19) and Kandy (June 20-21).
Priyantha Sirisena, 42, suffered severe head injuries in his hometown of Polonnaruwa, 215 kilometres (134 miles) north-east of the capital Colombo, police said.
He stressed that some 111,459 families in the districts of Anuradhapura, Polonnaruwa, Hambantota, Puttalam, Mannar, Vavuniya, Moneragala, and Ampara had been affected by the prolonged situation.
Angry paddy farmers blocked major roads in the Minneriya and Girithale areas in Sri Lanka's North Eastern Polonnaruwa region last month, complaining the government had not released enough water for their rice to grow; they claimed they had lost 50,000 hectares of crops, or 1.75 million kg.
R M P Karunaratane, deputy director of the Polonnaruwa Irrigation Department, admitted weak rainfall was partially to blame, but passed the buck to reservoir releases, claiming the water short age was caused when no water was released from the main reservoirs that feed the local reservoirs over which his office has control.