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see PollonarruaPollonarrua
or Polonnaruwa
, ruined ancient city, NE Sri Lanka. Pollonarrua, beautifully situated on a lake, was once the most splendid city of Sri Lanka. It became a royal residence in the mid-4th cent. and the capital after the fall (late 8th cent.) of Anuradhapura.
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a settlement in northeastern Sri Lanka; it is situated near Anuradhapura. After the fall of Anuradhapura in the Middle Ages, Polonnaruwa became the capital of the second Sinhalese state and the center of Sinhalese civilization. The state flourished in the 12th century, at which time large temples and palaces were built in Polonnaruwa. With the decline of the second Sinhalese state in the 13th and 14th centuries, Polonnaruwa was abandoned.

Several monuments of the 12th century have been preserved, including the remains of palatial buildings, the shrine of Lan-katilaka with a brick statue of Buddha at the Buddhist Jetavana monastery complex, the sanctuary vatadage (circular relic-house) and the shrine of Satmahal Prasada on the grounds of the Buddhist monastery complex, and the stupas Rankot-dagoba and Kiri-dagoba. Also preserved is the cavern temple Gal Vihara, which has three colossal stone statues of Buddha and a stone statue of Buddha’s pupil Ananda; the shrine of Thuparama; and a statue of Parakramabahu I (undated, granite). Tourism is the main industry.

References in periodicals archive ?
He said this addressing a meeting held to mark the World Womens Day at Royal College auditorium in Polonnaruwa today (March 8).
He also informed that a high-level experts' team would soon visit Sri Lanka to carry out feasibility report regarding establishment of dairy farm at Polonnaruwa.
It is planned to undertake activities such as construction of Kaluganga Reservoir, increase the capacity of Janaranjana Wewa, and augmentation of minor/medium tanks with the development of Irrigation Canal System under this project, in order to provide water to Kinniya and Kanthale Divisional Secretariat Divisions in Trincomalee District and Madirigiriya in Polonnaruwa District for irrigation.
Summary: Colombo [Sri Lanka], Sept 10 (ANI): The Polonnaruwa Police have arrested brother of Sri Lankan President Maithripala Sirisena in connection with road accident that killed a motor cyclist and his pillion rider on Saturday.
The getaway includes B&B accommodation in four-star and heritage properties, train trip, game drive, tours of Dambulla, Polonnaruwa, Sigiriya, Colombo and the Temple of the Tooth in Kandy, plus transfers and transportation and is escorted by a local English-speaking tour guide.
Mahaweli Left Bank Lower Basin Development Project is a proposal made by Vijith Vijayamuni Zoysa, minister of irrigation and water resources management, at an estimated cost of $430 million, with the objective of providing irrigated water during two seasons for 4,000 acres of land to include Kinniya and Kantale Trincomalee and the Polonnaruwa districts.
We explored the remains of Sri Lanka's 3rd AD capital city, Polonnaruwa, scoring a quick tour through a hidden back corridor in the image house of Jetavanaramaya, a monastery built around 1100 AD, through which monks used to walk and chant with burning incense.
Subsequently, expositions were held in Gampaha (May 25-26), Kurunegala (May 27-28), Kalutara (May 29-June 1st), Ratnapura (June 2-3), Galle (June 04-05), Matara (June 06-07), Hambantota (June 08-09), Moneragala (June 10-11), Badulla (June 12-13), Ampara (June 14-15), Polonnaruwa (June 16-17), Anuradhapura (June 18-19) and Kandy (June 20-21).
After that the relics will be taken to Gampaha (25-26 May), Kurunegala (27-28 May), Kalutara (29 May-1st June), Ratnapura (2-3 June), Galle (04-05 June), Matara (06-07 June), Hambantota (08-09 June), Moneragala (10-11 June), Badulla (12-13 June), Ampara (14-15 June), Polonnaruwa (16-17 June), Anuradhapura (18-19 June) and Kandy (20-21 June).
He stressed that some 111,459 families in the districts of Anuradhapura, Polonnaruwa, Hambantota, Puttalam, Mannar, Vavuniya, Moneragala, and Ampara had been affected by the prolonged situation.
The highlights of Sri Lanka tour with Virgin Holidays Worldwide Journeys, including return flights from London Heathrow to Sri Lanka via Dubai, accommodation and sightseeing encompassing Habarana, Sigiriya, Polonnaruwa, Minneriya, Habarana, Dambulla, Kandy, Nuwara Eliya, Yala National Park, Tangalle and Colombo.
The other two significant spots in the Buddhist circuit, Polonnaruwa and Dambulla, lie within 100 kms of Sigiriya and Anuradhapura.