Polosukhin, Aleksandr

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Polosukhin, Aleksandr Porfir’evich


Born Oct. 6 (19), 1901; died Sept. 4, 1965. Soviet physiologist. Academician of the Academy of Sciences of the Kazakh SSR (1954; corresponding member, 1946). Honored Scientist of the Kazakh SSR (1944). Member of the CPSU from 1947.

Polosukhin graduated from Perm’ Medical Institute in 1932. In 1938 he became head of the subdepartment of physiology at the Kazakh Medical Institute in Alma-Ata, where he became a professor in 1939. In 1944 he was made director of the Institute of Physiology of the Academy of Sciences of the Kazakh SSR, and beginning in 1955 he was the academy’s vice-president. His principal works were on the regulation of the normal and abnormal blood circulation. Polosukhin and his co-workers showed that in animals humoral mechanisms in the regulation of blood circulation already function during the first days after birth, while nervous regulation develops no earlier than two to three weeks after birth. Polosukhin also studied the pathogenesis of shock and proposed a method of controlling it.


“Eksteroretseptivnaia i interoretseptivnaia reguliatsiia krovoobrash-cheniia, dykhaniia i limfotoka.” In Nervnaia reguliatsiia krovoobrash-cheniia i dykhaniia. Moscow, 1952.
“Novye dannye o sosudorasshiriaiushchem deistvii bluzhdaiushchikh nervov.” (With A. M. Beketaev and I. I. Markelov.) Fiziologicheskii zhurnal SSSR, 1955, vol. 41, no. 6.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.