Polotnianyi Zavod

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Polotnianyi Zavod


an urban-type settlement in Dze-rzhinskii Raion, Kaluga Oblast, RSFSR. Situated on the Sukho-drev River (Oka River basin), Polotnianyi Zavod has a railroad station on the Kaluga-Viaz’ma line, 32 km northwest of Kaluga. Industrial enterprises include a paper mill and a plant that produces crushed stone.

In 1718, the Kaluga merchant T. F. Karamyshev built a sail and canvas plant (parusno-polotnianyi zavod) in the settlement, giving the settlement its name. In 1720, Karamyshev, together with G. Shchepochkin and A. Goncharov (the great-greatgrandfather of the wife of A. S. Pushkin) founded a paper mill, a major manufactory of 18th-century Russia. In 1735 the plant became the property of the Goncharovs. In 1830 and 1834, Pushkin visited the settlement. In the 1860’s a cotton-textiles plant was built on the site of the sail and canvas plant.


Panteleev, V. M., and A. I. Sidorenkov. Polotnianyi zavod. Tula, 1970.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.