Polyclitus


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Related to Polyclitus: Praxiteles, Scopas, Polykleitos, Lysippos

Polyclitus:

see PolykleitosPolykleitos,
 Polycletus,
or Polyclitus
, two Greek sculptors of the school of Argos. Polykleitos, the elder, fl. c.450–c.420 B.C., was a contemporary of Phidias. Born either in Sicyon or Argos, he became head of the Argive school.
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Polyclitus

 

(also Polyclitus of Argos; Polycleitus), ancient Greek sculptor and art theorist of the late fifth century B.C.

Polyclitus was one of the leading representatives of high classicism. His statues, executed mainly in bronze, have been lost and are known only from copies and from descriptions by writers of antiquity. Two fragments have been preserved from the artist’s canon of proportions. Influenced by Pythagoreanism, Polyclitus sought to substantiate and put into practice the law of ideal proportions, which he expressed as the proportions between various parts of the beautiful, harmoniously formed human body.

The statue Doryphorus (Spear Bearer, c. 440 B.C.) is the embodiment of the sculptor’s artistic principles. The Doryphorus represents a balance between the plastically opposite states of external serenity, hidden movement, and inner tension. Similar principles characterize Polyclitus’ later works, including the Wounded Amazon (c. 440–430 B.C.) and Diadumenos (Youth Wearing a Fillet of Victory, c. 420–410 B.C.). The latter work, which is more free in composition, may have been influenced by Phidias. Polyclitus also produced colossal chryselephantine statues, for example, the one of Hera for the Temple of Hera near Argos.

Possible historical authenticity and mythological idealization are combined so organically in Polyclitus’ work that the actual subject of his statues are unclear in many ways. Some scholars identify the Doryphorus as Achilles and the Diadumenos as Apollo or Paris. Polyclitus had many pupils and followers up to the period of the Roman Empire. Lysippus considered himself to be a student of Polyclitus.

REFERENCES

Nedovich, D. S. Poliklet. Moscow-Leningrad, 1939.
Miron i Poliklet. [Album. Introductory article by G. Sokolov.] Moscow, 1961.
Lorenz, T. Polyklet. Wiesbaden, 1972.

Polyclitus

, Polycleitus, Polycletus
5th-century bc. Greek sculptor, noted particularly for his idealized bronze sculptures of the male nude, such as the Doryphoros
References in periodicals archive ?
11) This apparent exception to the glacial mode of the canon suggests that there was a felt need for the dynamic, dual concept of canonicity that Polyclitus had doubly embodied.
Nevertheless, like "canon" in Polyclitus, two millennia before the nominal appearance in 1768 in Ruhnken, the concept of"anthology" had been fully formed long before Diogenianus applied the term.
Thanks to the long Peloponnesian war (431-404 BC), a hiatus of a generation intervened between the classical age of Phidias and Polyclitus, from 465, and the appearance of Praxiteles, Scopas and Lysippus.
A sarcophagus fragment from Grottaferrata showing part of the Indian Triumph of Bacchus was exhibited beside a workshop sheet with studies of the same figures, including a rearing horseman in a pose similar to that of Psyche in the socalled Bed of Polyclitus --toes and facial profile facing 180 degrees in opposite directions (Ambrosiana, inv.
Lysippus did not show him a head by Myron, arms by Praxiteles, a chest by Polyclitus.