Hecuba must suffer the further atrocities of her daughter Polyxena's sacrifice to Achilles' ghost and the discovery of the mutilated corpse of Polydorus
. Her last child's death figuratively kills the mother and awakens a Fury.
Although references to the Olympic games and Olympia appear frequently in Byzantine literature, ostensibly for the first time in the work of the Florentine poet and statesman Mateo Palmieri and subsequently in the work of European humanists, including Virgilius Polydorus
and Hieronymus Mercurialis, the games are first mentioned in western European literature in the work of French dramatist Robert Garnier, specifically in his tragedy, Cornelie.
As a private individual, Hecuba enacts vengeance on Polymestor for his betrayal of her trust in killing her son Polydorus
. Curiously, Polymestor begs Agamemnon to exercise his authority as king to bring justice: Revengez mon injure, ains la vostre: pourquoy Si ne faites justice estes-vous esleu Roy?
Gain hurt thee, Polydorus
; his wicked consort's gain sent her spouse against Aonian arms.
Matthew Douglas Hecuba Vanessa Redgrave Polyxena Lydia Leonard Odysseus, Polymestor Darrell D'Silva Talthybius Alan Dobie Hecuba's servant, chorus Judith Paris Agamemnon Malcolm Tierney Sons of Polymestor John Dominici/ Christopher Madden/Otto Pippengar Chorus: Charlotte Allam, Jane Arden, Rosalie Craig, Maisie Dimbleby, Arleen Gonsalves, Lisa McNaught, Michele Moran, Sasha Oakley, Katherine O'Shea, Sarah Quist, Natalie Turner-Jones.
Like Dante's Pier delle Vigne and, explicitly, like Virgil's Polydorus
, Idalogos makes his appearance within a speaking tree, but tells of his birth and youth among pipe-playing shepherds that recall the eclogues of those same poets.
His descent from the classical heroes is signalled first by the ippogrifo, who is clearly modelled on Pegasus, and then by Astolfo, Alcina's ex-lover, who has been transmogrified, like the Aeneid's Polydorus
, into a myrtle bush (Aeneid III.
The ghosts of Greek tragedy--the Clytemnestra of Aeschylus's Eumenides, or the Polydorus
of Euripides's Hecuba--stand in stark contrast to the fantastic characters of Prometheus Bound, a play that features a chorus of bird-women and the personified figures Might and Violence.
(4) In his Natural History (Book VI, Chapter 37), Pliny famously named the Rhodian sculptors of the Laocoon as Hagesander, Athanadorus and Polydorus
; for some, this has constituted proof that we are dealing with the same artists at Sperlonga, where an inscription proudly emblazoned on one of the sculptural groups reads: 'Athanadoros, son of Agesandros, Agesandros, son of Paionios, and Polydoros son of Polydoros, all from Rhodes, have made this'.
We should also look to the Herculean memory feats of Cephalus, Antiphon, and Polydorus
in the Parmenides where the immensely complex account of the dialectical turnings between the one and the many (others) have been committed to memory without, at least in the case of Antiphon, sustaining their interest in the issues involved.
It also includes some beautiful, if uneven, vocal writing, this year performed by Benoit Boutet (narrator), Jane Gilbert (Mary), James Westman (Joseph), Thomas Goerz (Herod), Gary Relyea (a father), Dan Chamandy (a centurion) and Doug MacNaughton (Polydorus