Polygalaceae


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Related to Polygalaceae: milkwort family

Polygalaceae

[‚päl·i·gə′lās·ē‚ē]
(botany)
A family of dicotyledonous plants in the order Polygalales distinguished by having a bicarpellate pistil and monadelphous stamens.

Polygalaceae

 

a family of dicotyledonous plants. Members are grasses, shrubs, lianas, and less often small trees. The leaves are entire, are usually alternate, and lack stipules. The flowers are monoecious, more or less irregular, and gathered into racemose, spicate, or paniculate inflorescences. There are five sepals, of which the two side ones are usually larger than the others and are petal-like; there are usually three developed petals. There are eight stamens, rarely less; they are usually accreted with filaments. The fruit is usually a boll. There are approximately 14 genera (about 900 species) found almost everywhere except New Zealand, Polynesia, and the arctic. Only the Polygala species grow in the USSR. Some plants of the Polygalaceae family are used as medicine, food, or ornamentals.

REFERENCES

Takhtadzhian, A.L. Sistema i filogeniia tsvetkovykh rastenii. Moscow-Leningrad, 1966.
Hutchinson, J. The Genera of Flowering Plants, vol. 2. Oxford, 1967.
References in periodicals archive ?
Zea mays) + Convolvulaceae + Cypemceae + + + + Dipsacaceae + Lamiaceae + Liliaceae + Onagmceae + Poaceae + + + + Polygalaceae + + Polygonaceae + + + + Primulaceae + Ranunculaceae + Rumex + Typhaceae + + + BRYOPHYTA Phaeoceros + + Sphagnum + + PTERIDOPHYTA Alsophila + + + + Anogramma + + + Anemia + + + Blechnum + + + + Botrychium + + + + Cyathea + + + Cyathaceae + + + + Cystopteris + + Dicksonia + + + Dicranoglossum + + + Dicranopteris + + + + Huperzia + + + Hymenophyllum + + + Gleichenia + + Lophosoria + + Lycopodiella + + Lycopodium + Lygodium + Marratiaceae + Microgramma + + + + Ophioglossum + Osmunda + + + + Polypodiaceae + Plagiogyria + Pterideae + + + + Schizea + Selaginella + + + + Vittariacae + Figura 5.
Violaceae; (B): Cannabidaceae, Fabaceae, Krameriaceae, Moraceae, Polygalaceae, Rhamnaceae, Rosaceae, Ulmaceae, Urticaceae, Zygophyllaceae; (C): Begoniaceae, Betulaceae, Casuarinaceae, Cucurbitaceae, Fagaceae, Juglandaceae, Myricaceae; (D): Oxalidaceae (Oxalis); (E): Combretaceae, Melastomaceae, Myrtaceae, Punicaceae.
Emblingia was variously claimed to be related to Goodeniaceae, Polygalaceae, or Sapindaceae.
03 Arbusto x POLYGALACEAE Diclidanthera bolivarensis Pittier Trepadora POLYGONACEAE Coccoloba caracasana Meisn.
POLYGALACEAE 92 Monnina salicifolia Yanash, muchisa, Ar Klotzsch ex A.
For example, the increase in richness and diversity of species in 2009, mainly due to the increase in annual species of the Cyperaceae and Lentibulariaceae, whereas lower rainfall in 2007 was related, for example, to an increase in annual species of Polygalaceae.
h b, br EM 322 (CAUP) POLYGALACEAE Polygala asperuloides Kunth h b, br EM 297 (CAUP) POLYGONACEAE Polygonum nepalense Meissn.
En lo referente al periantio, es clara su zigomorfia, tanto en el caliz (dispuesto de modo oblicuo sobre el talamo floral y constituido por sepalos subiguales), como en la corola, facilmente encuadrable en el tipo papilionoide o pseudopapilionaceo descrito en Trigoniaceae y en Polygalaceae.
385 Panicum repens 386 Paspalum conjugatum 387 Phragmites karka 388 Saccharum spontaneum 389 Sorghum oropinquium 390 Podocarpaceae Dacrydium beccariii 391 Polygalaceae Xanthophyllum affine Miq.